||5R01CA077006-04 Interpret this number
||University Of Minnesota Twin Cities
||Reducing the Availability of Tobacco to Youth
DESCRIPTION: (Applicant's Description)
The rate of tobacco use is increasing among adolescents, despite the high
level of resources and attention applied to the prevention of tobacco use
among them. Commercial sources of tobacco for youth are addressed by a
growing number of initiatives on the federal, state, and local level, and
Minnesota has been a leader at the state and local level in this area. The
social availability of tobacco to youth, including social sources of
tobacco, will be a major issue for tobacco control in the next century,
after commercial availability is substantially addressed. The purpose of
this study is to test a community-based intervention to reduce the social
availability of tobacco to youth. This intervention will be tested only in
communities where commercial access is already meaningfully restricted.
This study will test the application of direct action community organizing
to changing elements of the social environment of adolescents concerning
tobacco: reduce social provision of tobacco to youth, adopt and enforce
smoke-free policies where youth spend time, and encourage parents and other
adults to take a strong stand against tobacco use. Community organizing has
been shown in previous studies to be an appropriate and effective strategy
for reducing adolescent tobacco use.
The specific aims of the study are to implement a community organizing
intervention aimed at changing the social environment concerning adolescent
tobacco use in 7 communities; to encourage families, institutions and
communities to adopt policies and practices to reduce social sources of
tobacco and provide a tobacco free environment for youth; and to involve
adolescents in advocacy and peer leadership to reduce social provision of
tobacco. Students and parents will be surveyed in each of the 7
intervention and 7 control communities at baseline and after intervention.
Outcomes will be determined by comparing smoking rates among youth; tobacco
acquisition patterns for youth; policies and practices concerning tobacco
use in family, community, and institutional settings; and norms concerning
adult and youth tobacco use.
Parental, family, and home characteristics associated with cigarette smoking among adolescents.
, McCarty M.C.
, Forster J.L.
, Blaine T.M.
, Chen V.
American Journal Of Health Promotion : Ajhp, 2003 May-Jun; 17(5), p. 291-9.
Smoking visibility, perceived acceptability, and frequency in various locations among youth and adults.
, Forster J.L.
, Blaine T.
Preventive Medicine, 2003 Mar; 36(3), p. 272-81.