DESCRIPTION (Applicant's Description) Inadequate intakes of fruit and
vegetables (F&V) are associated with increased risks for cancer.
Interventions directed at improving dietary behavior often include goal
setting as an integral component. However, little is known about how, or
how often, children set goals, or of the effectiveness of adult goal setting
procedures among children. This pilot study will investigate children's
processes of goal setting to increase consumption of F&V. The first two
studies (focus groups and interviews) will describe the specific components
of existing goal setting practices among children from several ethnic groups
both to understand the effect of cultural patterns on goal setting, and to
make the results maximally useful to diverse groups of children. It will
include children from two different developmental levels (fourth and eighth
grades) to understand the effect of maturity of goal setting, and enable the
design of procedures appropriate for different age groups. We believe that
describing children's existing goal setting practices will enable us to
design more effective interventions to enhance their goal setting in the
future. Based on the first two studies, an intervention study will enable
us to intensively analyze three components of children's successful goal
setting processes likely to be important, e.g., global vs. specific goals,
self-selected vs. other-imposed goals, and the use of a strategic action
plan. We believe that this will lead to a series of studies testing the
effectiveness of procedures to enhance children's goal setting processes.
Ensuing dietary behavior change interventions should be more effective if
they include these effective goal setting procedures by providing more
pertinent instruction and guided practice.
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