Skip Navigation
Grant Details

Grant Number: 5R01CA132996-05 Interpret this number
Primary Investigator: Zheng, Yun-Ling
Organization: Georgetown University
Project Title: Telomere Dysfunction, Chromosome 9 Instability and Bladder Cancer Risk
Fiscal Year: 2013
Back to top


Abstract

DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Cancer of the urinary bladder continues to present significant health challenges worldwide and its incidence continues to increase. Bladder cancer is the fourth most common malignancy in men from developed countries, whereas it is the most common malignancy in men in the Middle East and sub-Saharan Africa. Previous studies have established that environmental exposures, particularly tobacco smoking, are important risk factors in transitional cell carcinoma (TCC) of the urinary bladder. In contrast, genetic factors that contribute to the risk of TCC are less well understood. Chromosomal instability (CIN) is the dominant form of the genomic alterations seen in bladder tumors and telomere dysfunction may be one of the mechanisms that cause CIN. We propose to conduct a molecular epidemiology study of bladder cancer, using the biological specimens and epidemiological data collected by an ongoing case-control study in Egypt, to test two primary hypotheses: (1) Individuals with short telomeres have an increased susceptibility to bladder cancer; (2) Short telomeres on chromosome 9p or 9q increase the likelihood of chromosome 9 alterations and risk of bladder cancer. The specific aims of proposed study are: (1) to determine the association between bladder cancer risk and overall telomere length of blood lymphocytes and determine if telomere length exerts differential effects on bladder cancer risk in non-smokers and smokers separately; (2) to determine the association between bladder cancer risk and chromosome 9 specific telomere lengths of blood lymphocytes and determine if chromosome 9 telomere lengths exert differential effects on bladder cancer risk in non-smokers and smokers separately; (3) to evaluate effects of interactions between environmental exposures (i.e., tobacco smoking or SH infection) and the telomere lengths on bladder cancer risk; (4) to determine if chromosome 9 telomere lengths are associated with chromosome 9 aberrations in bladder tumors and determine whether the association of chromosome 9 telomere length and bladder cancer risk differs by tumor chromosome 9 aberration status. The study design is case-control. Cases (N = 2,042) are patients who are newly diagnosed with TCC of urinary bladder and recruited from three medical institutions in Egypt. Controls (N = 2,042) are healthy individuals randomly selected from the general population within the same geographic districts as the cases using a multistage, clustered random sampling method, frequency matched to case by age and gender. The proposed study aims to understand how telomere deficiencies (both overall and chromosome 9 specific) contribute to bladder cancer development and whether deficiencies in telomeres interact with environmental factors, i.e., tobacco smoking, to synergistically affect bladder cancer risk. It has the potential to identify new biomarkers for better bladder cancer risk assessment. Better risk assessment will improve current and future public health efforts to reduce the bladder cancer burden. The new knowledge to be generated will provide insights in understanding the etiology of bladder carcinogenesis and pave the way for the development of new and better clinical tools for early detection and diagnosis. PUBLIC HEALTH RELEVANCE: Cancer of the urinary bladder is the fourth most common cancer in men in the United States. About 4 times as many men are diagnosed with bladder cancer compared to women. There are 61,420 estimated new cases (men and women combined) and 13,060 deaths in the United States in 2006, according to American Cancer Society statistics. The proposed study aims to understand how telomere deficiencies (both overall and chromosome 9 specific) contribute to bladder cancer development and whether deficiencies in telomeres interact with environmental factors, i.e., tobacco smoking, to synergistically affect bladder cancer risk. It has the potential to identify new biomarkers for better bladder cancer risk assessment. Better risk assessment will improve current and future public health efforts to reduce the bladder cancer burden. The new knowledge to be generated will provide insights in understanding the etiology of bladder carcinogenesis and pave the way for the development of new and better clinical tools for early detection and diagnosis.

Back to top


Publications

Simultaneous quantification of alternatively spliced transcripts in a single droplet digital PCR reaction.
Authors: Sun B, Tao L, Zheng YL
Source: Biotechniques, 2014 Jun;56(6), p. 319-25.
EPub date: 2014 Jun 1.
PMID: 24924392
Related Citations

Back to top


Urinary bladder cancer risk factors in Egypt: a multicenter case-control study.
Authors: Zheng YL, Amr S, Saleh DA, Dash C, Ezzat S, Mikhail NN, Gouda I, Loay I, Hifnawy T, Abdel-Hamid M, Khaled H, Wolpert B, Abdel-Aziz MA, Loffredo CA
Source: Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev, 2012 Mar;21(3), p. 537-46.
EPub date: 2011 Dec 6.
PMID: 22147365
Related Citations

Back to top


Telomere deficiencies on chromosomes 9p, 15p, 15q and Xp: potential biomarkers for breast cancer risk.
Authors: Zheng YL, Zhou X, Loffredo CA, Shields PG, Sun B
Source: Hum Mol Genet, 2011 Jan 15;20(2), p. 378-86.
EPub date: 2010 Oct 18.
PMID: 20956286
Related Citations

Back to top