||5R01CA134705-05 Interpret this number
||Klein Buendel, Inc.
||Sun Safe Workplaces: a Campaign on Sun Protection Policies for Outdoor Workers
Workers in the U.S. spend large amounts of time on the job, making the workplace a key venue for preventive
health programs. A workplace risk that has received limited attention is sun protection, despite the fact 8% of
the U.S. workforce (over 9 million workers) work outdoors. Our research team has demonstrated that sun
safety education can promote sun protection at work. In this second amended application, we propose to
systematically study a comprehensive approach to workplace sun safety that goes beyond employee education
to promote institutional change. We will implement and evaluate a proactive campaign to change workplace
sun protection policies and promote sun safety to managers rather than individual employees. We will assess
whether policy adoption alters organizational operations in public employers rather than the private employers
examined in our previous research. The specific aims are to: a) create a campaign comprised of personal
contacts, printed materials, and Internet tools and resources to promote workplace sun protection policies to
managers at public employers and b) evaluate the effectiveness of the campaign at promoting adoption and
implementation of workplace sun protection policies. The plans outlined in this application are guided by
principles of diffusion of innovations theory and pilot interviews with public administrators about policy
processes. An advisory board of public administrators and health experts has been constituted to advise our
team on campaign and evaluation procedures. Analysis of public employers' existing policies and practices,
additional in-depth interviews with public administrators, information design analysis, and usability testing
will be conducted to develop an effective campaign. The campaign will be evaluated in a group-randomized,
pretest-posttest controlled design. City and county governments in Colorado (n=140) will serve as the unit of
randomization and analysis; interviews will be conducted with a sample of administrators, adjusted for
clustering at these public employers at baseline (n=7 per employer; 980 administrators total), interim posttest
(n=6 per employer), and final posttest (n=5 per employer). Public employers will be studied because they
employ a sizable number of outdoor workers (but results should generalize to for-profit companies and
organizations outside Colorado) and we were able to measure government policies and survey public
administrators on health issues previously. Outcomes will be evaluated at the employer and administrator
levels. At the employer level (n=140 employers), adoption of workplace sun protection policies at pretest and
each posttest will be assessed with a protocol for coding written workplace policies (primary outcome measure)
that demonstrated high reliability in a pilot study. At the administrator level (n=980 administrators), policy
implementation (secondary outcome), theoretical mediators of adoption and implementation, and individual,
organizational, political decision making and program variables that might moderate change will be measured
in baseline, interim posttest (halfway through the intervention) and final posttest (end of intervention) surveys.
Sustainability of the dissemination of an occupational sun protection program in a randomized trial.
Buller DB, Walkosz BJ, Andersen PA, Scott MD, Dignan MB, Cutter GR, Zhang X, Kane IL
Health Educ Behav, 2012 Aug;39(4), p. 498-502.
2011 Nov 18.
An error has occurred. It could be that you mistyped the URL, or we moved things around. Either way, we recommend that you use the navigation menu above to re-navigate to the page you were looking for. If you got here by accessing a bookmark, please update your bookmark.
Please feel free to contact us if the problem persists.
We apologize for the inconvenience.
- The DCCPS Team.