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Grant Details

Grant Number: 2R01CA091021-10A1 Interpret this number
Primary Investigator: Lee, Kelley
Organization: Simon Fraser University
Project Title: Tobacco Companies, Public Policy and Global Health
Fiscal Year: 2013
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Abstract

DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): This project aims to strengthen tobacco control policies by generating new knowledge of how the tobacco industry has adapted to and, in turn, shaped the global economy. Tobacco use kills around 5 million people annually worldwide, predicted to rise to 8 million by 2030 if current trends are not addressed. While stronger tobacco control measures have begun to be adopted by many countries, supported by the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control, effective regulation of the tobacco industry at the national, regional and global levels has become more difficult to advance amid ongoing processes of globalization. This research aims to understand the dual and dynamic relationship between the tobacco industry and globalization. Building on Phases I and II, it analyses how the industry has been affected by, and has adapted to, economic globalization; and conversely, how the global economy has been shaped by industry influences. This will be achieved by focusing on four key themes: (a) how the tobacco industry has sought to influence trade and investment policy at the national, regional and global levels, and how this has benefitted industry strategies to restructure and expand worldwide; (b) how the illicit tobacco trade has been a key component of broader corporate strategies to adapt to, shape and operate within an increasingly global economy; (c) how tobacco companies have restructured to further their interests within a global economy; and (d) how corporations should be governed within a global economy to ensure the protection and promotion of population health. Each theme will produce new analysis of strategically important activities, geographies, institutions and strategies. Carried out by a highy experience and multi-disciplinary project team, and supported by an Advisory Committee of leading international experts, the research will combine document-based research with key informant interviews. Document research will use on-line and on-site internal industry document collections that continue to grow in size and scope. This will be supplemented by customs records, trade/investment data, industry websites and grey literature. Key informant interviews will draw on the research team's worldwide network of contacts. Overall, the proposed research will conduct groundbreaking new research for meeting the public health challenges against tobacco-related diseases within an evolving global economy.

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Publications

A review of the impacts of tobacco industry privatisation: Implications for policy.
Authors: Gilmore AB, Fooks G, McKee M
Source: Glob Public Health, 2011;6(6), p. 621-42.
PMID: 21790502
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The case for OFSMOKE: how tobacco price regulation is needed to promote the health of markets, government revenue and the public.
Authors: Gilmore AB, Branston JR, Sweanor D
Source: Tob Control, 2010 Oct;19(5), p. 423-30.
PMID: 20876078
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Trade policy, health, and corporate influence: British American tobacco and China's accession to the World Trade Organization.
Authors: Holden C, Lee K, Gilmore A, Fooks G, Wander N
Source: Int J Health Serv, 2010;40(3), p. 421-41.
PMID: 20799669
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"Efforts to Reprioritise the Agenda" in China: British American Tobacco's Efforts to Influence Public Policy on Secondhand Smoke in China.
Authors: Muggli ME, Lee K, Gan Q, Ebbert JO, Hurt RD
Source: PLoS Med, 2008 Dec 23;5(12), p. 1729-69.
PMID: 19108603
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"A good personal scientific relationship": Philip Morris scientists and the Chulabhorn Research Institute, Bangkok.
Authors: Mackenzie R, Collin J
Source: PLoS Med, 2008 Dec 23;5(12), p. 1737-48.
PMID: 19108600
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Smuggling as the "key to a combined market": British American Tobacco in Lebanon.
Authors: Nakkash R, Lee K
Source: Tob Control, 2008 Oct;17(5), p. 324-31.
PMID: 18818226
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British American Tobacco and the "insidious impact of illicit trade" in cigarettes across Africa.
Authors: Legresley E, Lee K, Muggli ME, Patel P, Collin J, Hurt RD
Source: Tob Control, 2008 Oct;17(5), p. 339-46.
EPub date: 2008 Jul 10.
PMID: 18617598
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Gaining access to Vietnam's cigarette market: British American Tobacco's strategy to enter 'a huge market which will become enormous'.
Authors: Lee K, Kinh HV, Mackenzie R, Gilmore AB, Minh NT, Collin J
Source: Glob Public Health, 2008;3(1), p. 1-25.
PMID: 19288356
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The invisible hand: how British American Tobacco precluded competition in Uzbekistan.
Authors: Gilmore AB, McKee M, Collin J
Source: Tob Control, 2007 Aug;16(4), p. 239-47.
PMID: 17652239
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"The law was actually drafted by us but the Government is to be congratulated on its wise actions": British American Tobacco and public policy in Kenya.
Authors: Patel P, Collin J, Gilmore AB
Source: Tob Control, 2007 Feb;16(1), p. e1.
PMID: 17297056
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Transnational tobacco company influence on tax policy during privatization of a state monopoly: British American Tobacco and Uzbekistan.
Authors: Gilmore A, Collin J, Townsend J
Source: Am J Public Health, 2007 Nov;97(11), p. 2001-9.
EPub date: 2006 Nov 30.
PMID: 17138915
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"Key to the future": British American tobacco and cigarette smuggling in China.
Authors: Lee K, Collin J
Source: PLoS Med, 2006 Jul;3(7), p. e228.
PMID: 16834455
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British American Tobacco's erosion of health legislation in Uzbekistan.
Authors: Gilmore AB, Collin J, McKee M
Source: BMJ, 2006 Feb 11;332(7537), p. 355-8.
PMID: 16470061
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Tobacco industry influence on science and scientists in Germany.
Authors: Grüning T, Gilmore AB, McKee M
Source: Am J Public Health, 2006 Jan;96(1), p. 20-32.
EPub date: 2005 Nov 29.
PMID: 16317203
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Pushing up smoking incidence: plans for a privatised tobacco industry in Moldova.
Authors: Gilmore AB, Radu-Loghin C, Zatushevski I, McKee M
Source: Lancet, 2005 Apr 9-15;365(9467), p. 1354-9.
PMID: 15823388
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Exploring the impact of foreign direct investment on tobacco consumption in the former Soviet Union.
Authors: Gilmore AB, McKee M
Source: Tob Control, 2005 Feb;14(1), p. 13-21.
PMID: 15735295
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Determinants of smoking in eight countries of the former Soviet Union: results from the living conditions, lifestyles and health study.
Authors: Pomerleau J, Gilmore A, McKee M, Rose R, Haerpfer CW
Source: Addiction, 2004 Dec;99(12), p. 1577-85.
PMID: 15585049
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Prevalence of smoking in 8 countries of the former Soviet Union: results from the living conditions, lifestyles and health study.
Authors: Gilmore A, Pomerleau J, McKee M, Rose R, Haerpfer CW, Rotman D, Tumanov S
Source: Am J Public Health, 2004 Dec;94(12), p. 2177-87.
PMID: 15569971
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The Living Tomorrow Project: how Philip Morris has used a Belgian tourist attraction to promote ventilation approaches to the control of second hand smoke.
Authors: Pilkington P, Gilmore AB
Source: Tob Control, 2004 Dec;13(4), p. 375-8.
PMID: 15564621
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Breaking and re-entering: British American Tobacco in China 1979-2000.
Authors: Lee K, Gilmore AB, Collin J
Source: Tob Control, 2004 Dec;13 Suppl 2, p. ii88-95.
PMID: 15564226
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Moving East: how the transnational tobacco industry gained entry to the emerging markets of the former Soviet Union-part II: an overview of priorities and tactics used to establish a manufacturing presence.
Authors: Gilmore AB, McKee M
Source: Tob Control, 2004 Jun;13(2), p. 151-60.
PMID: 15175532
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Moving East: how the transnational tobacco industry gained entry to the emerging markets of the former Soviet Union-part I: establishing cigarette imports.
Authors: Gilmore AB, McKee M
Source: Tob Control, 2004 Jun;13(2), p. 143-50.
PMID: 15175531
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Tobacco and transition: an overview of industry investments, impact and influence in the former Soviet Union.
Authors: Gilmore AB, McKee M
Source: Tob Control, 2004 Jun;13(2), p. 136-42.
PMID: 15175530
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Unlocking the corporate documents of British American Tobacco: an invaluable global resource needs radically improved access.
Authors: Collin J, Lee K, Gilmore AB
Source: Lancet, 2004 May 29;363(9423), p. 1746-7.
PMID: 15172767
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Looking inside the tobacco industry: revealing insights from the Guildford Depository.
Authors: Lee K, Gilmore AB, Collin J
Source: Addiction, 2004 Apr;99(4), p. 394-7.
PMID: 15049733
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