Skip Navigation
Grant Details

Grant Number: 5R01CA144034-04 Interpret this number
Primary Investigator: Yuan, Jian-Min
Organization: University Of Pittsburgh At Pittsburgh
Project Title: Prospective Studies of Cancer Etiology and Prevention in Shanghai and Singapore
Fiscal Year: 2013
Back to top


Abstract

DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): This proposal seeks funding to continue the observational follow-up of the 81,501 middle-aged and older Chinese men and women participants of the Shanghai and Singapore cohort studies for another 5 five years, to accrue and validate a substantially increased number of cancer endpoints in order to evaluate important questions related to lifestyle, biochemical markers, genetic markers, and gene-environment interactions on cancer risk. The Shanghai cohort was assembled in 1986-1989 and the Singapore cohort in 1993-1998. In addition to data collected at baseline and follow-up interviews, blood and urine samples were collected from more than 50,000 subjects at baseline and stored in ultra-low temperature condition since their collection. The vigorous and effective follow-up procedures kept the loss of follow-up to be minimal; to date, only approximately 880 (1%) original cohort participants have been lost to follow-up over the past 20 years. These databases have been serving unique resources for a large number of projects for research on cancer etiology and prevention. In the next 5 five years, we also propose to conduct a series of nested case-control studies within the two cohorts to elucidate the role of environmental exposure, genetic variants and DNA methylation in the development of lung or liver cancer. The primary scientific aims are: (1) to assess the independent role of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH), 1,3-butadiene, acrolein, benzene, and ethylene oxide in the development of lung cancer among smokers; (2) to assess independent role of PAH, 1,3-butadiene, acrolein, benzene, and ethylene oxide in the development of lung cancer among lifelong nonsmokers; (3) to assess the role of methyl groups - S-adenosylmethionine, S-adenosylhomocysteine, methionine, choline, homocysteine, folate, vitamins B6 and B12 in the development of liver cancer; (4) to assess the role of genetic polymorphisms influencing methyl group metabolism in the development of liver cancer, and their modifying effect on the associations between methyl groups and liver cancer risk; and (5) to assess the role of global DNA hypomethylation in the development of liver cancer. The proposed studies with prospective study design, available pre-diagnostic blood and urine samples, and large sample sizes will provide novel and definitive data to accomplish these scientific aims. Furthermore, findings of the proposed studies will provide insights for the understanding of the role of methyl groups, the donor of DNA methylation, in human hepatocarcinogenesis. The ultimate goal of the proposed research is the development of an effective set of non-invasive, predictive markers that allow for the identification of the relatively small fraction of individuals who are at very high risk for lung or liver cancer. People with high risk could take primary preventive measures to reduce their risk, or undergo regular screening for early detection of the malignancies when clinical treatment is more effective.

Back to top


Publications

Elevated levels of mercapturic acids of acrolein and crotonaldehyde in the urine of Chinese women in Singapore who regularly cook at home.
Authors: Hecht SS, Koh WP, Wang R, Chen M, Carmella SG, Murphy SE, Yuan JM
Source: PLoS One, 2015;10(3), p. e0120023.
EPub date: 2015 Mar 25.
PMID: 25807518
Related Citations

Back to top


Glycated hemoglobin and incident type 2 diabetes in singaporean chinese adults: the Singapore Chinese health study.
Authors: Bancks MP, Odegaard AO, Koh WP, Yuan JM, Gross MD, Pereira MA
Source: PLoS One, 2015;10(3), p. e0119884.
EPub date: 2015 Mar 16.
PMID: 25775375
Related Citations

Back to top


Beverage habits and mortality in Chinese adults.
Authors: Odegaard AO, Koh WP, Yuan JM, Pereira MA
Source: J Nutr, 2015 Mar;145(3), p. 595-604.
EPub date: 2015 Jan 21.
PMID: 25733477
Related Citations

Back to top


Urinary biomarkers of catechins and risk of hepatocellular carcinoma in the Shanghai Cohort Study.
Authors: Butler LM, Huang JY, Wang R, Lee MJ, Yang CS, Gao YT, Yuan JM
Source: Am J Epidemiol, 2015 Mar 15;181(6), p. 397-405.
EPub date: 2015 Feb 21.
PMID: 25713334
Related Citations

Back to top


Urinary levels of N-nitroso compounds in relation to risk of gastric cancer: findings from the shanghai cohort study.
Authors: Xu L, Qu YH, Chu XD, Wang R, Nelson HH, Gao YT, Yuan JM
Source: PLoS One, 2015;10(2), p. e0117326.
EPub date: 2015 Feb 6.
PMID: 25658333
Related Citations

Back to top


New loci and coding variants confer risk for age-related macular degeneration in East Asians.
Authors: Cheng CY, Yamashiro K, Chen LJ, Ahn J, Huang L, Huang L, Cheung CM, Miyake M, Cackett PD, Yeo IY, Laude A, Mathur R, Pang J, Sim KS, Koh AH, Chen P, Lee SY, Wong D, Chan CM, Loh BK, Sun Y, Davila S, Nakata I, Nakanishi H, Akagi-Kurashige Y, Gotoh N, Tsujikawa A, Matsuda F, Mori K, Yoneya S, Sakurada Y, Iijima H, Iida T, Honda S, Lai TY, Tam PO, Chen H, Tang S, Ding X, Wen F, Lu F, Zhang X, Shi Y, Zhao P, Zhao B, Sang J, Gong B, Dorajoo R, Yuan JM, Koh WP, van Dam RM, Friedlander Y, Lin Y, Hibberd ML, Foo JN, Wang N, Wong CH, Tan GS, Park SJ, Bhargava M, Gopal L, Naing T, Liao J, Ong PG, Mitchell P, Zhou P, Xie X, Liang J, Mei J, Jin X, Saw SM, Ozaki M, Mizoguchi T, Kurimoto Y, Woo SJ, Chung H, Yu HG, Shin JY, Park DH, Kim IT, Chang W, Sagong M, Lee SJ, Kim HW, Lee JE, Li Y, Liu J, Teo YY, Heng CK, Lim TH, Yang SK, Song K, Vithana EN, Aung T, Bei JX, Zeng YX, Tai ES, Li XX, Yang Z, Park KH, Pang CP, Yoshimura N, Wong TY, Khor CC
Source: Nat Commun, 2015 Jan 28;6, p. 6063.
EPub date: 2015 Jan 28.
PMID: 25629512
Related Citations

Back to top


Response to Letters to the Editors: 1. More details on the database used by the study should be provided. 2. Mediclaim Hospital Discharge System and income levels of cohort.
Authors: Leung YY, Ang LW, Allen JC Jr, Noviani M, Wang R, Yuan JM, Koh WP
Source: Osteoarthritis Cartilage, 2015 Mar;23(3), p. 499-500.
EPub date: 2014 Dec 11.
PMID: 25497863
Related Citations

Back to top


Association between body mass index and risk of total knee replacement, the Singapore Chinese Health Study.
Authors: Leung YY, Allen JC Jr, Noviani M, Ang LW, Wang R, Yuan JM, Koh WP
Source: Osteoarthritis Cartilage, 2015 Jan;23(1), p. 41-7.
EPub date: 2014 Oct 29.
PMID: 25450848
Related Citations

Back to top


Physical activity and risk of end-stage kidney disease in the Singapore Chinese Health Study.
Authors: Jafar TH, Jin A, Koh WP, Yuan JM, Chow KY
Source: Nephrology (Carlton), 2015 Feb;20(2), p. 61-7.
PMID: 25346108
Related Citations

Back to top


Glycated hemoglobin and all-cause and cause-specific mortality in Singaporean Chinese without diagnosed diabetes: the Singapore Chinese Health Study.
Authors: Bancks MP, Odegaard AO, Pankow JS, Koh WP, Yuan JM, Gross MD, Pereira MA
Source: Diabetes Care, 2014 Dec;37(12), p. 3180-7.
EPub date: 2014 Sep 11.
PMID: 25216509
Related Citations

Back to top


Joint analysis of three genome-wide association studies of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma in Chinese populations.
Authors: Wu C, Wang Z, Song X, Feng XS, Abnet CC, He J, Hu N, Zuo XB, Tan W, Zhan Q, Hu Z, He Z, Jia W, Zhou Y, Yu K, Shu XO, Yuan JM, Zheng W, Zhao XK, Gao SG, Yuan ZQ, Zhou FY, Fan ZM, Cui JL, Lin HL, Han XN, Li B, Chen X, Dawsey SM, Liao L, Lee MP, Ding T, Qiao YL, Liu Z, Liu Y, Yu D, Chang J, Wei L, Gao YT, Koh WP, Xiang YB, Tang ZZ, Fan JH, Han JJ, Zhou SL, Zhang P, Zhang DY, Yuan Y, Huang Y, Liu C, Zhai K, Qiao Y, Jin G, Guo C, Fu J, Miao X, Lu C, Yang H, Wang C, Wheeler WA, Gail M, Yeager M, Yuenger J, Guo ET, Li AL, Zhang W, Li XM, Sun LD, Ma BG, Li Y, Tang S, Peng XQ, Liu J, Hutchinson A, Jacobs K, Giffen C, Burdette L, Fraumeni JF Jr, Shen H, Ke Y, Zeng Y, Wu T, Kraft P, Chung CC, Tucker MA, Hou ZC, Liu YL, Hu YL, Liu Y, Wang L, Yuan G, Chen LS, Liu X, Ma T, Meng H, Sun L, Li XM, Li XM, Ku JW, Zhou YF, Yang LQ, Wang Z, Li Y, Qige Q, Yang WJ, Lei GY, Chen LQ, Li EM, Yuan L, Yue WB, Wang R, Wang LW, Fan XP, Zhu FH, Zhao WX, Mao YM, Zhang M, Xing GL, Li JL, Han M, Ren JL, Liu B, Ren SW, Kong QP, Li F, Sheyhidin I, Wei W, Zhang YR, Feng CW, Wang J, Yang YH, Hao HZ, Bao QD, Liu BC, Wu AQ, Xie D, Yang WC, Wang L, Zhao XH, Chen SQ, Hong JY, Zhang XJ, Freedman ND, Goldstein AM, Lin D, Taylor PR, Wang LD, Chanock SJ
Source: Nat Genet, 2014 Sep;46(9), p. 1001-6.
EPub date: 2014 Aug 17.
PMID: 25129146
Related Citations

Back to top


Incense use and cardiovascular mortality among Chinese in Singapore: the Singapore Chinese Health Study.
Authors: Pan A, Clark ML, Ang LW, Yu MC, Yuan JM, Koh WP
Source: Environ Health Perspect, 2014 Dec;122(12), p. 1279-84.
EPub date: 2014 Aug 15.
PMID: 25127437
Related Citations

Back to top


Dietary patterns and mortality in a Chinese population.
Authors: Odegaard AO, Koh WP, Yuan JM, Gross MD, Pereira MA
Source: Am J Clin Nutr, 2014 Sep;100(3), p. 877-83.
EPub date: 2014 Jul 23.
PMID: 25057151
Related Citations

Back to top


Breast cancer risk assessment using genetic variants and risk factors in a Singapore Chinese population.
Authors: Lee CP, Irwanto A, Salim A, Yuan JM, Liu J, Koh WP, Hartman M
Source: Breast Cancer Res, 2014 Jun 18;16(3), p. R64.
EPub date: 2014 Jun 18.
PMID: 24941967
Related Citations

Back to top


Association of a low-frequency variant in HNF1A with type 2 diabetes in a Latino population.
Authors: SIGMA Type 2 Diabetes Consortium, Estrada K, Aukrust I, Bjørkhaug L, Burtt NP, Mercader JM, García-Ortiz H, Huerta-Chagoya A, Moreno-Macías H, Walford G, Flannick J, Williams AL, Gómez-Vázquez MJ, Fernandez-Lopez JC, Martínez-Hernández A, Jiménez-Morales S, Centeno-Cruz F, Mendoza-Caamal E, Revilla-Monsalve C, Islas-Andrade S, Córdova EJ, Soberón X, González-Villalpando ME, Henderson E, Wilkens LR, Le Marchand L, Arellano-Campos O, Ordóñez-Sánchez ML, Rodríguez-Torres M, Rodríguez-Guillén R, Riba L, Najmi LA, Jacobs SB, Fennell T, Gabriel S, Fontanillas P, Hanis CL, Lehman DM, Jenkinson CP, Abboud HE, Bell GI, Cortes ML, Boehnke M, González-Villalpando C, Orozco L, Haiman CA, Tusié-Luna T, Aguilar-Salinas CA, Altshuler D, Njølstad PR, Florez JC, MacArthur DG
Source: JAMA, 2014 Jun 11;311(22), p. 2305-14.
PMID: 24915262
Related Citations

Back to top


Amount, type, and sources of carbohydrates in relation to ischemic heart disease mortality in a Chinese population: a prospective cohort study.
Authors: Rebello SA, Koh H, Chen C, Naidoo N, Odegaard AO, Koh WP, Butler LM, Yuan JM, van Dam RM
Source: Am J Clin Nutr, 2014 Jul;100(1), p. 53-64.
EPub date: 2014 Apr 30.
PMID: 24787492
Related Citations