|Grant Number:||5P50CA143187-04 Interpret this number|
|Primary Investigator:||Lerman, Caryn|
|Organization:||University Of Pennsylvania|
|Project Title:||Center for Interdisciplinary Research on Nicotine Addiction (CIRNA)|
Abstinence from smoking produces aversive symptoms that prompt relapse, often within the first week following a quit attempt. Clarifying the neurobiological and behavioral underpinnings of these early abstinence symptoms is, therefore, critical to develop more efficacious treatments. The proposed Center for Interdisciplinary Research on Nicotine Addiction (CIRNA) extends nine years of research conducted in the Transdisciplinary Tobacco Use Research Center (TTURC) at UPENN. Spanning from preclinical to clinical studies, CIRNA includes a highly interactive set of projects and cores that seek to: (1) discover the cellular, molecular, neural, and behavioral basis of early nicotine abstinence effects that contribute to relapse; (2) identify brain and behavioral mechanisms through which efficacious therapies modulate these processes; and (3) validate novel medication screening approaches. Project 1 uses neurobiology and pharmacology to elucidate the molecular and behavioral basis of emotional and cognitive symptoms of nicotine abstinence and re-exposure in a mouse model. Project 2 uses electrophysiology and pharmacology to explore the effects of nicotine abstinence and re-exposure on sensory processing in key brain regions in mice. Project 3 uses human neuroimaging to examine the neural substrates of early abstinence symptoms and medication response. Project 4 extends this work by validating novel approaches to improve the sensitivity of early human medication screening paradigms for nicotine dependence. Shared resources, including an Administrative Core, a Data Management and Biostatistics Core, and a Biospecimen Core provide value-added, as well as support for a comprehensive data sharing plan. A Career Development Core promotes involvement of post-doctoral fellows and junior investigators in these projects, and supports pilot projects to facilitate career development. Thus, the CIRNA addresses the clinically important problem of nicotine dependence using innovative multidisciplinary approaches, with the ultimate goal of developing more efficacious medications for tobacco dependence and prevention of tobacco-related disease. The CIRNA is proposed to replace the TTURC, since this NIH initiative is ending.
The association between changes in alternative reinforcers and short-term smoking cessation.
Authors: Goelz PM, Audrain-McGovern JE, Hitsman B, Leone FT, Veluz-Wilkins A, Jepson C, Wileyto EP, D'Avanzo PA, Rivera JG, Schnoll RA
Source: Drug Alcohol Depend, 2014 May 1;138, p. 67-74.
EPub date: 2014 Feb 15.
Dissociation of tolerance and nicotine withdrawal-associated deficits in contextual fear.
Authors: Gould TJ, Wilkinson DS, Yildirim E, Blendy JA, Adoff MD
Source: Brain Res, 2014 Apr 22;1559, p. 1-10.
EPub date: 2014 Mar 2.
An efficient early phase 2 procedure to screen medications for efficacy in smoking cessation.
Authors: Perkins KA, Lerman C
Source: Psychopharmacology (Berl), 2014 Jan;231(1), p. 1-11.
EPub date: 2013 Dec 3.
Evidence from mouse and man for a role of neuregulin 3 in nicotine dependence.
Authors: Turner JR, Ray R, Lee B, Everett L, Xiang J, Jepson C, Kaestner KH, Lerman C, Blendy JA
Source: Mol Psychiatry, 2013 Sep 3;null, p. null.
EPub date: 2013 Sep 3.
Individual differences in positivity offset and negativity bias: Gender-specific associations with two serotonin receptor genes.
Authors: Ashare RL, Norris CJ, Wileyto EP, Cacioppo JT, Strasser AA
Source: Pers Individ Dif, 2013 Sep 1;55(5), p. 469-473.
Cellular, molecular, and genetic substrates underlying the impact of nicotine on learning.
Authors: Gould TJ, Leach PT
Source: Neurobiol Learn Mem, 2014 Jan;107, p. 108-32.
EPub date: 2013 Aug 22.
A double-blind placebo-controlled randomized trial of varenicline for smokeless tobacco dependence in India.
Authors: Jain R, Jhanjee S, Jain V, Gupta T, Mittal S, Goelz P, Wileyto EP, Schnoll RA
Source: Nicotine Tob Res, 2014 Jan;16(1), p. 50-7.
EPub date: 2013 Aug 14.
Neuroimaging in psychiatric pharmacogenetics research: the promise and pitfalls.
Authors: Falcone M, Smith RM, Chenoweth MJ, Kumar Bhattacharjee A, Kelsoe JR, Tyndale RF, Lerman C, Pharmacogenomics Research Network Central Nervous System Working Group
Source: Neuropsychopharmacology, 2013 Nov;38(12), p. 2327-37.
EPub date: 2013 Jun 24.
Sensitivity and specificity of a procedure for early human screening of novel smoking cessation medications.
Authors: Perkins KA, Lerman C, Karelitz JL, Jao NC, Chengappa KN, Sparks GM
Source: Addiction, 2013 Nov;108(11), p. 1962-8.
EPub date: 2013 Jul 12.
Effects of bupropion on cognitive performance during initial tobacco abstinence.
Authors: Perkins KA, Karelitz JL, Jao NC, Gur RC, Lerman C
Source: Drug Alcohol Depend, 2013 Nov 1;133(1), p. 283-6.
EPub date: 2013 May 31.
Extrasynaptic targeting of NMDA receptors following D1 dopamine receptor activation and cocaine self-administration.
Authors: Ortinski PI, Turner JR, Pierce RC
Source: J Neurosci, 2013 May 29;33(22), p. 9451-61.
The first 7 days of a quit attempt predicts relapse: validation of a measure for screening medications for nicotine dependence.
Authors: Ashare RL, Wileyto EP, Perkins KA, Schnoll RA
Source: J Addict Med, 2013 Jul-Aug;7(4), p. 249-54.
Cognitive function during nicotine withdrawal: Implications for nicotine dependence treatment.
Authors: Ashare RL, Falcone M, Lerman C
Source: Neuropharmacology, 2014 Jan;76 Pt B, p. 581-91.
EPub date: 2013 Apr 29.
Divergent functional effects of sazetidine-a and varenicline during nicotine withdrawal.
Authors: Turner JR, Wilkinson DS, Poole RL, Gould TJ, Carlson GC, Blendy JA
Source: Neuropsychopharmacology, 2013 Sep;38(10), p. 2035-47.
EPub date: 2013 Apr 29.
Biomarkers for smoking cessation.
Authors: Bough KJ, Lerman C, Rose JE, McClernon FJ, Kenny PJ, Tyndale RF, David SP, Stein EA, Uhl GR, Conti DV, Green C, Amur S
Source: Clin Pharmacol Ther, 2013 Jun;93(6), p. 526-38.
EPub date: 2013 Mar 18.
The effects of acute nicotine, chronic nicotine, and withdrawal from chronic nicotine on performance of a cued appetitive response.
Authors: Leach PT, Cordero KA, Gould TJ
Source: Behav Neurosci, 2013 Apr;127(2), p. 303-10.
Age-related differences in working memory deficits during nicotine withdrawal.
Authors: Falcone M, Wileyto EP, Ruparel K, Gerraty RT, Laprate L, Detre JA, Gur R, Loughead J, Lerman C
Source: Addict Biol, 2013 Mar 18;null, p. null.
EPub date: 2013 Mar 18.