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Grant Details

Grant Number: 5R01CA068427-13 Interpret this number
Primary Investigator: Salovey, Peter
Organization: Yale University
Project Title: Promoting Cancer Prevention/Control with Message Framing
Fiscal Year: 2011
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Abstract

DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): In partnership with the National Cancer Institute's Cancer Information Service (CIS), the overarching goal of the proposed research is to develop effective messages that inspire people to make healthy lifestyle choices across the cancer continuum. The specific objective is two-fold: (a) to examine the effectiveness of messages tailored to individuals' tendency to be concerned with achievement versus safety in motivating health behavior change (i.e., are messages psychologically tailored in this way effective?), and (b) to examine the potential factors (mechanisms) that explain the processes underlying the observed behavior change (i.e., how do messages psychologically tailored in this way work?). Building on 17 years of health communication research in our lab, seven experiments are proposed for a five-year project period. Three experiments (Experiments 1-3) examine the effectiveness of psychologically tailored messages and their mechanisms in the context of promoting fruit and vegetable intake. Four experiments (Experiments 4-7) test psychologically tailored messages in the context of promoting physical activity. These target behaviors are associated with an improved quality of life in cancer survivors and a reduced risk of developing certain cancers. The effectiveness of psychologically tailored materials versus standard CIS materials is compared in four populations: healthy CIS patrons (Experiments 1 & 4), healthy adults who are underserved (Experiments 3 & 6), breast cancer survivors posttreatment (Experiments 2 & 5), and newly diagnosed breast cancer survivors (Experiment 7). Extending research across the cancer continuum will broaden the reach of CIS-based health promotion initiatives and contribute to the National Cancer Institute's efforts to improve cancer survivors' quality of life and overcome cancer disparities. It is our hope that findings from this line of research will allow us to continue to articulate a set of tailoring and framing principles for developing especially effective health messages that can be adopted by public health agencies and practitioners in diverse settings for a variety of populations.

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Publications

Targeted smoking cessation messages for adolescents.
Authors: Latimer AE, Krishnan-Sarin S, Cavallo DA, Duhig A, Salovey P, O'Malley SA
Source: J Adolesc Health, 2012 Jan;50(1), p. 47-53.
EPub date: 2011 Jun 15.
PMID: 22188833
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Tailoring messages to individual differences in monitoring-blunting styles to increase fruit and vegetable intake.
Authors: Williams-Piehota P, Latimer AE, Katulak NA, Cox A, Silvera SA, Mowad L, Salovey P
Source: J Nutr Educ Behav, 2009 Nov-Dec;41(6), p. 398-405.
PMID: 19879495
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Bridging the digital divide by increasing computer and cancer literacy: community technology centers for head-start parents and families.
Authors: Salovey P, Williams-Piehota P, Mowad L, Moret ME, Edlund D, Andersen J
Source: J Health Commun, 2009 Apr-May;14(3), p. 228-45.
PMID: 19440907
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Promoting fruit and vegetable intake through messages tailored to individual differences in regulatory focus.
Authors: Latimer AE, Williams-Piehota P, Katulak NA, Cox A, Mowad L, Higgins ET, Salovey P
Source: Ann Behav Med, 2008 Jun;35(3), p. 363-9.
EPub date: 2008 Aug 1.
PMID: 18670833
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Comparing gain- and loss-framed messages for smoking cessation with sustained-release bupropion: a randomized controlled trial.
Authors: Toll BA, O'Malley SS, Katulak NA, Wu R, Dubin JA, Latimer A, Meandzija B, George TP, Jatlow P, Cooney JL, Salovey P
Source: Psychol Addict Behav, 2007 Dec;21(4), p. 534-44.
PMID: 18072836
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Promoting participation in physical activity using framed messages: an application of prospect theory.
Authors: Latimer AE, Rench TA, Rivers SE, Katulak NA, Materese SA, Cadmus L, Hicks A, Keany Hodorowski J, Salovey P
Source: Br J Health Psychol, 2008 Nov;13(Pt 4), p. 659-81.
EPub date: 2007 Oct 8.
PMID: 17925060
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Evidence that emotional intelligence is related to job performance and affect and attitudes at work.
Authors: Lopes PN, Grewal D, Kadis J, Gall M, Salovey P
Source: Psicothema, 2006;18 Suppl, p. 132-8.
PMID: 17295970
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On emotionally intelligent time travel: individual differences in affective forecasting ability.
Authors: Dunn EW, Brackett MA, Ashton-James C, Schneiderman E, Salovey P
Source: Pers Soc Psychol Bull, 2007 Jan;33(1), p. 85-93.
PMID: 17178932
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Relating emotional abilities to social functioning: a comparison of self-report and performance measures of emotional intelligence.
Authors: Brackett MA, Rivers SE, Shiffman S, Lerner N, Salovey P
Source: J Pers Soc Psychol, 2006 Oct;91(4), p. 780-95.
PMID: 17014299
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Need for cognition and message complexity in motivating fruit and vegetable intake among callers to the cancer information service.
Authors: Williams-Piehota P, Pizarro J, Navarro Silvera SA, Mowad L, Salovey P
Source: Health Commun, 2006;19(1), p. 75-84.
PMID: 16519594
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Motivating cancer prevention and early detection behaviors using psychologically tailored messages.
Authors: Latimer AE, Katulak NA, Mowad L, Salovey P
Source: J Health Commun, 2005;10 Suppl 1, p. 137-55.
PMID: 16377605
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Emotion regulation abilities and the quality of social interaction.
Authors: Lopes PN, Salovey P, Coté S, Beers M
Source: Emotion, 2005 Mar;5(1), p. 113-8.
PMID: 15755224
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Matching health messages to monitor-blunter coping styles to motivate screening mammography.
Authors: Williams-Piehota P, Pizarro J, Schneider TR, Mowad L, Salovey P
Source: Health Psychol, 2005 Jan;24(1), p. 58-67.
PMID: 15631563
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Message framing and pap test utilization among women attending a community health clinic.
Authors: Rivers SE, Salovey P, Pizarro DA, Pizarro J, Schneider TR
Source: J Health Psychol, 2005 Jan;10(1), p. 65-77.
PMID: 15576501
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Emotional intelligence and social interaction.
Authors: Lopes PN, Brackett MA, Nezlek JB, Schütz A, Sellin I, Salovey P
Source: Pers Soc Psychol Bull, 2004 Aug;30(8), p. 1018-34.
PMID: 15257786
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Casting health messages in terms of responsibility for dietary change: increasing fruit and vegetable consumption.
Authors: Williams-Piehota P, Cox A, Silvera SN, Mowad L, Garcia S, Katulak N, Salovey P
Source: J Nutr Educ Behav, 2004 May-Jun;36(3), p. 114-20.
PMID: 15202986
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Matching health messages to information-processing styles: need for cognition and mammography utilization.
Authors: Williams-Piehota P, Schneider TR, Pizarro J, Mowad L, Salovey P
Source: Health Commun, 2003;15(4), p. 375-92.
PMID: 14527864
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Using message framing to motivate HIV testing among low-income, ethnic minority women.
Authors: Apanovitch AM, McCarthy D, Salovey P
Source: Health Psychol, 2003 Jan;22(1), p. 60-7.
PMID: 12558203
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Relation of an ability measure of emotional intelligence to personality.
Authors: Caruso DR, Mayer JD, Salovey P
Source: J Pers Assess, 2002 Oct;79(2), p. 306-20.
PMID: 12425393
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A source of error in self-reports of pap test utilization.
Authors: Pizarro J, Schneider TR, Salovey P
Source: J Community Health, 2002 Oct;27(5), p. 351-6.
PMID: 12238733
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The effects of message framing and ethnic targeting on mammography use among low-income women.
Authors: Schneider TR, Salovey P, Apanovitch AM, Pizarro J, McCarthy D, Zullo J, Rothman AJ
Source: Health Psychol, 2001 Jul;20(4), p. 256-66.
PMID: 11515737
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Retinoic acid receptor-beta as a prognostic indicator in stage I non-small-cell lung cancer.
Authors: Khuri FR, Lotan R, Kemp BL, Lippman SM, Wu H, Feng L, Lee JJ, Cooksley CS, Parr B, Chang E, Walsh GL, Lee JS, Hong WK, Xu XC
Source: J Clin Oncol, 2000 Aug;18(15), p. 2798-804.
PMID: 10920126
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Static, dynamic, and causative bipolarity of affect.
Authors: Green DP, Salovey P, Truax KM
Source: J Pers Soc Psychol, 1999 May;76(5), p. 856-67.
PMID: 10353205
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Message framing and sunscreen use: gain-framed messages motivate beach-goers.
Authors: Detweiler JB, Bedell BT, Salovey P, Pronin E, Rothman AJ
Source: Health Psychol, 1999 Mar;18(2), p. 189-96.
PMID: 10194055
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Patient participation in treatment decision making and the psychological consequences of breast cancer surgery.
Authors: Moyer A, Salovey P
Source: Womens Health, 1998 Summer;4(2), p. 103-16.
PMID: 9659000
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