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Grant Details

Grant Number: 5R01CA092585-07 Interpret this number
Primary Investigator: Shu, Xiao-Ou
Organization: Vanderbilt University
Project Title: Soyfood, Gene Polymorphisms and Endometrial Cancer Risk
Fiscal Year: 2010
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The Shanghai Endometrial Cancer Study (R01 CA92585) is thus far the largest population-based study of endometrial cancer, involving 1204 cases and 1212 controls. Over the past 6 years we have produced many significant, novel research findings from this study, particularly those related to soy food intake, tea consumption, genetic polymorphisms in the estrogen pathway, and gene-diet interactions in relation to the risk of endometrial cancer. In this renewal application, we propose to evaluate a new set of hypotheses related to the role of genetic variations in inflammation pathway genes in the developm ent of endometrial cancer. These genes were chosen because of the recently recognized critical role that inflammation and because of laboratory evidence indicating their interaction with estrogens and diet in the developm ent and progression of endometrial cancer. To reduce type I errors and enhance the statistical power of the study for gene-disease association studies, as well as gene-gene and gene-diet interactions, w e propose to recruit an additional 400 cases and 400 controls as part of this renewal proposal which will be used to validate all promising associations identified in the funding cycle and during the initial funding cycle. The proposed study, with its strong methodology and novel hypotheses, has great potential for discovering genetic markers and gene-d iet interactions that will be valuable for the prevention of endometrial cancer, one of the most common gynecological malignancies in the United States and many other parts of the world.

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