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National Institutes of Health: National Cancer Institute: Division of Cancer Control and Population Sciences
Grant Details

Grant Number: 5R01CA122894-05 Interpret this number
Primary Investigator: Viswanath, Kasisomayajula
Organization: Dana-Farber Cancer Inst
Project Title: Click to Connect: Improving Health Literacy Through Internet Literacy
Fiscal Year: 2010
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Abstract

DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Health Literacy is defined as the degree to which individuals have the capacity to obtain, process and understand basic health information and services needed to make appropriate health decisions (US DHHS, 2000). Yet there is well-documented evidence for profound inequalities in the distribution of communications services, the digital divide, and advantages accruing from it thus threatening the normative goal of developing a health literate public. The research question guiding this project is: Does improving access to the Internet, and training in how to use the Internet for health information, among the socially disadvantaged lead to changes in health literacy, and secondarily in health knowledge and beliefs about health compared to a control group in usual care condition? We will recruit 258 subjects from adult education centers in Boston, the most diverse city in New England, and randomize them to either the intervention or control conditions. 129 subjects in the intervention group will be provided with free computers and high-speed Internet at home. They will also be provided with training on how to use computers and navigate the Internet, as well as a web portal that will help in the use of the Internet for one year. Intervention will occur in three waves with 43 subjects per wave per year. Baseline and post-Intervention data .will be gathered through a telephone survey of subjects in both groups and Internet and computer use will be tracked in the Intervention group. The data from this project will provide the necessary information to design future information architecture that can address health literacy and digital divide issues specific to the needs of the socially disadvantaged.

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Publications

Health Disparities, Communication Inequalities, And Ehealth
Authors: Viswanath,K. , Kreuter,M.W. .
Source: American Journal Of Preventive Medicine, 2007 May; 32(5 Suppl), p. S131-3.
PMID: 17466818
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The Social Context Of Interpersonal Communication And Health
Authors: Ackerson,L.K. , Viswanath,K. .
Source: Journal Of Health Communication, 2009; 14 Suppl 1, p. 5-17.
PMID: 19449264
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Communication Inequalities And Public Health Implications Of Adult Social Networking Site Use In The United States
Authors: Kontos,E.Z. , Emmons,K.M. , Puleo,E. , Viswanath,K. .
Source: Journal Of Health Communication, 2010; 15 Suppl 3, p. 216-35.
PMID: 21154095
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Determinants And Beliefs Of Health Information Mavens Among A Lower-socioeconomic Position And Minority Population
Authors: Kontos,E.Z. , Emmons,K.M. , Puleo,E. , Viswanath,K. .
Source: Social Science & Medicine (1982), 2011 Jul; 73(1), p. 22-32.
PMID: 21683493
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Social Disparities, Communication Inequalities, And Hiv/aids-related Knowledge And Attitudes In India
Authors: Ackerson L.K. , Ramanadhan S. , Arya M. , Viswanath K. .
Source: Aids And Behavior, 2012 Oct; 16(7), p. 2072-81.
PMID: 21870161
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Contribution Of Communication Inequalities To Disparities In Human Papillomavirus Vaccine Awareness And Knowledge
Authors: Kontos E.Z. , Emmons K.M. , Puleo E. , Viswanath K. .
Source: American Journal Of Public Health, 2012 Oct; 102(10), p. 1911-20.
PMID: 22970692
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The Communications Revolution And Health Inequalities In The 21st Century: Implications For Cancer Control
Authors: Viswanath K. , Nagler R.H. , Bigman-Galimore C.A. , McCauley M.P. , Jung M. , Ramanadhan S. .
Source: Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention : A Publication Of The American Association For Cancer Research, Cosponsored By The American Society Of Preventive Oncology, 2012 Oct; 21(10), p. 1701-8.
PMID: 23045545
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Recruitment And Retention For Community-based Ehealth Interventions With Populations Of Low Socioeconomic Position: Strategies And Challenges
Authors: Nagler R.H. , Ramanadhan S. , Minsky S. , Viswanath K. .
Source: The Journal Of Communication, 2013-02-01 00:00:00.0; 63(1), p. 201-220.
PMID: 23439871
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Internet Use, Browsing, And The Urban Poor: Implications For Cancer Control
Authors: Viswanath K. , McCloud R. , Minsky S. , Puleo E. , Kontos E. , Bigman-Galimore C. , Rudd R. , Emmons K.M. .
Source: Journal Of The National Cancer Institute. Monographs, 2013 Dec; 2013(47), p. 199-205.
PMID: 24395992
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