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Grant Details

Grant Number: 5R21CA137240-02 Interpret this number
Primary Investigator: French, Simone
Organization: University Of Minnesota
Project Title: Home Food Environment Measurement Methods
Fiscal Year: 2010
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Abstract

DESCRIPTION (provided by investigator): Food choices and body mass index are important mediators of chronic diseases such as diabetes, cardiovascular disease and certain cancers. Both the neighborhood and the home food environment may play an important role in influencing individual food choices and body mass index. However, current measures of these constructs are underdeveloped and imprecise. Furthermore, few studies have collected data at the individual, home and neighborhood levels. Most of the available studies are cross- sectional and are therefore limited in their ability to provide information about causal influences. The proposed research will analyze and augment existing data collected as part of a household-level community intervention for weight gain prevention. The primary aim is to develop measures of the neighborhood and home food environment, and to examine the metric properties of these measures in detail. The secondary aim is to develop a series of multi-level models to better understand the influences of the home food environment, household demographics, and neighborhood retail food availability on individual food choices and change in body weight. PUBLIC HEALTH RELEVANCE: The proposed research will develop measures of the home and neighborhood food environment. Associations with important individual level outcomes such as food choices and body mass index will be examined.

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Publications

Decrease in television viewing predicts lower body mass index at 1-year follow-up in adolescents, but not adults.
Authors: French SA, Mitchell NR, Hannan PJ
Source: J Nutr Educ Behav, 2012 Sep-Oct;44(5), p. 415-22.
EPub date: 2012 May 14.
PMID: 22591582
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Examining the relationship between family meal frequency and individual dietary intake: does family cohesion play a role?
Authors: Welsh EM, French SA, Wall M
Source: J Nutr Educ Behav, 2011 Jul-Aug;43(4), p. 229-35.
EPub date: 2011 May 4.
PMID: 21536496
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Household obesity prevention: Take Action--a group-randomized trial.
Authors: French SA, Gerlach AF, Mitchell NR, Hannan PJ, Welsh EM
Source: Obesity (Silver Spring), 2011 Oct;19(10), p. 2082-8.
EPub date: 2011 Jan 6.
PMID: 21212771
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