Skip Navigation
National Institutes of Health: National Cancer Institute: Division of Cancer Control and Population Sciences
Grant Details

Grant Number: 5R01CA127328-03 Interpret this number
Primary Investigator: Cormier, Janice
Organization: University Of Tx Md Anderson Can Ctr
Project Title: Effective Surveillance Strategies for Melanoma Patients
Fiscal Year: 2010
Back to top


Abstract

DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Evidence-based surveillance strategies for melanoma survivors do not exist. Given the increasing incidence of melanoma and the rapid advances in health care technology, the costs of caring for such persons are rising. More than 90% of patients with melanoma are diagnosed before the development of distant metastasis and are potentially curable. However, up to 50% of all melanoma patients may experience tumor recurrences. The early detection of recurrent melanoma, particularly locoregional disease, at a time when it is amenable to surgical resection is important to improve patient outcome. Decision-analytic models which can assimilate data from a number of sources provide an innovative approach to examining outcomes in a setting where clinical trials are difficult to perform. We propose to use a decision-analytic Markov model created to simulate the stage-specific natural history of contemporary patients with melanoma. By applying techniques of Bayesian meta-analysis we will assimilate patient-level data from the literature to determine the sensitivity of various diagnostic imaging modalities. Various surveillance strategies, including those proposed in current protocols, (e.g., clinical evaluation, nodal ultrasonography, computed and positron emission tomography) and follow-up intervals (3 months to 2 years) will be evaluated and compared in patients with stages I, II, and III melanoma. Specific effectiveness outcomes will include: the number and type of recurrences detected, number of lives saved, and quality-adjusted life years. In addition, the total lifetime costs per surveillance strategy, incremental cost-effectiveness, and net benefit will be defined for each stage-specific strategy. To evaluate model and parameter uncertainty, a probabilistic sensitivity analysis will be performed. SEER data and costs from Medicare will be used to calibrate the natural history model and to examine the outcomes of various surveillance strategies in the population. Collectively, the outcomes from this proposal will provide evidence-based guidelines for surveillance, which in turn will promote the cost-effective use of health care resources.

Back to top


Publications

Lymph Node Ratio Predicts Disease-specific Survival In Melanoma Patients
Authors: Xing Y. , Badgwell B.D. , Ross M.I. , Gershenwald J.E. , Lee J.E. , Mansfield P.F. , Lucci A. , Cormier J.N. .
Source: Cancer, 2009-06-01 00:00:00.0; 115(11), p. 2505-13.
PMID: 19309746
Related Citations

Conditional Survival Estimates Improve Over Time For Patients With Advanced Melanoma: Results From A Population-based Analysis
Authors: Xing Y. , Chang G.J. , Hu C.Y. , Askew R.L. , Ross M.I. , Gershenwald J.E. , Lee J.E. , Mansfield P.F. , Lucci A. , Cormier J.N. .
Source: Cancer, 2010-05-01 00:00:00.0; 116(9), p. 2234-41.
PMID: 20187100
Related Citations

Prospective Assessment Of Postoperative Complications And Associated Costs Following Inguinal Lymph Node Dissection (ilnd) In Melanoma Patients
Authors: Chang S.B. , Askew R.L. , Xing Y. , Weaver S. , Gershenwald J.E. , Lee J.E. , Royal R. , Lucci A. , Ross M.I. , Cormier J.N. .
Source: Annals Of Surgical Oncology, 2010 Oct; 17(10), p. 2764-72.
PMID: 20336388
Related Citations

Conditional Survival Estimates Improve Over 5 Years For Melanoma Survivors With Node-positive Disease
Authors: Bowles T.L. , Xing Y. , Hu C.Y. , Mungovan K.S. , Askew R.L. , Chang G.J. , Gershenwald J.E. , Lee J.E. , Mansfield P.F. , Ross M.I. , et al. .
Source: Annals Of Surgical Oncology, 2010 Aug; 17(8), p. 2015-23.
PMID: 20369298
Related Citations

Contemporary Diagnostic Imaging Modalities For The Staging And Surveillance Of Melanoma Patients: A Meta-analysis
Authors: Xing Y. , Bronstein Y. , Ross M.I. , Askew R.L. , Lee J.E. , Gershenwald J.E. , Royal R. , Cormier J.N. .
Source: Journal Of The National Cancer Institute, 2011-01-19 00:00:00.0; 103(2), p. 129-42.
PMID: 21081714
Related Citations

Assessment Of Patient-reported Outcomes In Patients With Melanoma
Authors: Cormier J.N. , Askew R.L. .
Source: Surgical Oncology Clinics Of North America, 2011 Jan; 20(1), p. 201-13.
PMID: 21111967
Related Citations

Is Surveillance Imaging Effective For Detecting Surgically Treatable Recurrences In Patients With Melanoma? A Comparative Analysis Of Stage-specific Surveillance Strategies
Authors: Rueth N.M. , Xing Y. , Chiang Y.J. , Cromwell K.D. , Ross M.I. , Lee J.E. , Gershenwald J.E. , Royal R.E. , Cormier J.N. .
Source: Annals Of Surgery, 2014 Jun; 259(6), p. 1215-22.
PMID: 24096759
Related Citations

Long-term Follow-up For Melanoma Patients: Is There Any Evidence Of A Benefit?
Authors: Rueth N.M. , Cromwell K.D. , Cormier J.N. .
Source: Surgical Oncology Clinics Of North America, 2015 Apr; 24(2), p. 359-77.
PMID: 25769718
Related Citations

The Long-term Risk Of Upper-extremity Lymphedema Is Two-fold Higher In Breast Cancer Patients Than In Melanoma Patients
Authors: Voss R.K. , Cromwell K.D. , Chiang Y.J. , Armer J.M. , Ross M.I. , Lee J.E. , Gershenwald J.E. , Stewart B.R. , Shaitelman S.F. , Cormier J.N. .
Source: Journal Of Surgical Oncology, 2015 Dec; 112(8), p. 834-40.
PMID: 26477877
Related Citations