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Grant Details

Grant Number: 5R01CA121152-05 Interpret this number
Primary Investigator: Popkin, Barry
Organization: Univ Of North Carolina Chapel Hill
Project Title: Diet, Activity, Obesity & the Built Environment Dynamics
Fiscal Year: 2009
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Abstract

There is an increasing call for population-wide environmental/policy interventions to improve dietary and physical activity patterns. This proposed longitudinal study will link contemporaneous geographic locations of respondents with diet-related (e.g., food shopping and eating options) and activity-related (e.g., recreation, community design) built environment variables to data from an exceptional dataset including quality diet and physical activity data. We focus on the young and middle adult periods which appear to be important in the etiology of adult obesity. We examine adult weight change during the period of stabilization into the work force followed into mid-adulthood with the Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults Study [CARDIA] >5,000 young adults. We focus on shifts between the early adult period of ages 18-30 years and 20-year changes up to ages 38-50. A critical component is to see how these environmental factors relate to health disparities. We will use complex longitudinal and spatial analytical models to explore relationships between the built environment and dietary intake patterns. One element addressed will be residential self-selection, an issue of increasing concern as scholars attempt to understand how the environment affects health behaviors. We will examine race/ethnic differentials in these effects and the impact of the built environment shifts over time and through the lifecycle. We will also study how these dietary and activity behaviors, in turn, affect weight dynamics and incident obesity and also examine direct relationships between the built environment and the etiology of weight gain and incident obesity. The focus will be on examining how modifiable built environmental factors will affect the key proximate determinants of obesity (diet and activity) and in turn affect weight dynamics and obesity. A central issue is determining modifiable environment factors that may reduce ethnic and socioeconomic differentials in health status.

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Publications

Causes of increased energy intake among children in the U.S., 1977-2010.
Authors: Duffey KJ, Popkin BM
Source: Am J Prev Med, 2013 Feb;44(2), p. e1-8.
PMID: 23332342
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Dietary patterns matter: diet beverages and cardiometabolic risks in the longitudinal Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults (CARDIA) Study.
Authors: Duffey KJ, Steffen LM, Van Horn L, Jacobs DR Jr, Popkin BM
Source: Am J Clin Nutr, 2012 Apr;95(4), p. 909-15.
EPub date: 2012 Feb 29.
PMID: 22378729
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Understanding socioeconomic and racial/ethnic status disparities in diet, exercise, and weight: underlying contextual factors and pathways.
Authors: Gordon-Larsen P, Popkin B
Source: J Am Diet Assoc, 2011 Dec;111(12), p. 1816-9.
PMID: 22117655
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Increased portion sizes from energy-dense foods affect total energy intake at eating occasions in US children and adolescents: patterns and trends by age group and sociodemographic characteristics, 1977-2006.
Authors: Piernas C, Popkin BM
Source: Am J Clin Nutr, 2011 Nov;94(5), p. 1324-32.
EPub date: 2011 Sep 14.
PMID: 21918222
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Fast food restaurants and food stores: longitudinal associations with diet in young to middle-aged adults: the CARDIA study.
Authors: Boone-Heinonen J, Gordon-Larsen P, Kiefe CI, Shikany JM, Lewis CE, Popkin BM
Source: Arch Intern Med, 2011 Jul 11;171(13), p. 1162-70.
PMID: 21747011
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Energy density, portion size, and eating occasions: contributions to increased energy intake in the United States, 1977-2006.
Authors: Duffey KJ, Popkin BM
Source: PLoS Med, 2011 Jun;8(6), p. e1001050.
EPub date: 2011 Jun 28.
PMID: 21738451
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Food portion patterns and trends among U.S. children and the relationship to total eating occasion size, 1977-2006.
Authors: Piernas C, Popkin BM
Source: J Nutr, 2011 Jun;141(6), p. 1159-64.
EPub date: 2011 Apr 27.
PMID: 21525258
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Environment and Physical Activity Dynamics: The Role of Residential Self-selection.
Authors: Boone-Heinonen J, Gordon-Larsen P, Guilkey DK, Jacobs DR Jr, Popkin BM
Source: Psychol Sport Exerc, 2011 Jan 1;12(1), p. 54-60.
PMID: 21516236
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Are the 2005 Dietary Guidelines for Americans Associated With reduced risk of type 2 diabetes and cardiometabolic risk factors? Twenty-year findings from the CARDIA study.
Authors: Zamora D, Gordon-Larsen P, He K, Jacobs DR Jr, Shikany JM, Popkin BM
Source: Diabetes Care, 2011 May;34(5), p. 1183-5.
EPub date: 2011 Apr 8.
PMID: 21478463
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Longitudinal trends in gasoline price and physical activity: the CARDIA study.
Authors: Hou N, Popkin BM, Jacobs DR Jr, Song Y, Guilkey DK, He K, Lewis CE, Gordon-Larsen P
Source: Prev Med, 2011 May;52(5), p. 365-9.
EPub date: 2011 Feb 19.
PMID: 21338621
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Neighborhood socioeconomic status predictors of physical activity through young to middle adulthood: the CARDIA study.
Authors: Boone-Heinonen J, Diez Roux AV, Kiefe CI, Lewis CE, Guilkey DK, Gordon-Larsen P
Source: Soc Sci Med, 2011 Mar;72(5), p. 641-9.
EPub date: 2011 Jan 25.
PMID: 21316829
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Understanding community context and adult health changes in China: development of an urbanicity scale.
Authors: Jones-Smith JC, Popkin BM
Source: Soc Sci Med, 2010 Oct;71(8), p. 1436-46.
EPub date: 2010 Aug 11.
PMID: 20810197
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Longitudinal associations between neighborhood-level street network with walking, bicycling, and jogging: the CARDIA study.
Authors: Hou N, Popkin BM, Jacobs DR Jr, Song Y, Guilkey D, Lewis CE, Gordon-Larsen P
Source: Health Place, 2010 Nov;16(6), p. 1206-15.
EPub date: 2010 Aug 10.
PMID: 20801072
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Impact of water intake on energy intake and weight status: a systematic review.
Authors: Daniels MC, Popkin BM
Source: Nutr Rev, 2010 Sep;68(9), p. 505-21.
PMID: 20796216
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Drinking caloric beverages increases the risk of adverse cardiometabolic outcomes in the Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults (CARDIA) Study.
Authors: Duffey KJ, Gordon-Larsen P, Steffen LM, Jacobs DR Jr, Popkin BM
Source: Am J Clin Nutr, 2010 Oct;92(4), p. 954-9.
EPub date: 2010 Aug 11.
PMID: 20702604
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Diet quality and weight gain among black and white young adults: the Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults (CARDIA) Study (1985-2005).
Authors: Zamora D, Gordon-Larsen P, Jacobs DR Jr, Popkin BM
Source: Am J Clin Nutr, 2010 Oct;92(4), p. 784-93.
EPub date: 2010 Aug 4.
PMID: 20685947
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Water, hydration, and health.
Authors: Popkin BM, D'Anci KE, Rosenberg IH
Source: Nutr Rev, 2010 Aug;68(8), p. 439-58.
PMID: 20646222
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Economists' insights into the obesity crisis.
Authors: Popkin BM
Source: Trends Endocrinol Metab, 2009 Nov 1;20(9), p. 417.
PMID: 20625517
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Does hunger and satiety drive eating anymore? Increasing eating occasions and decreasing time between eating occasions in the United States.
Authors: Popkin BM, Duffey KJ
Source: Am J Clin Nutr, 2010 May;91(5), p. 1342-7.
EPub date: 2010 Mar 17.
PMID: 20237134
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Food price and diet and health outcomes: 20 years of the CARDIA Study.
Authors: Duffey KJ, Gordon-Larsen P, Shikany JM, Guilkey D, Jacobs DR Jr, Popkin BM
Source: Arch Intern Med, 2010 Mar 8;170(5), p. 420-6.
PMID: 20212177
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Trends in snacking among U.S. children.
Authors: Piernas C, Popkin BM
Source: Health Aff (Millwood), 2010 Mar-Apr;29(3), p. 398-404.
PMID: 20194979
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Patterns of beverage use across the lifecycle.
Authors: Popkin BM
Source: Physiol Behav, 2010 Apr 26;100(1), p. 4-9.
EPub date: 2010 Jan 4.
PMID: 20045423
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Snacking increased among U.S. adults between 1977 and 2006.
Authors: Piernas C, Popkin BM
Source: J Nutr, 2010 Feb;140(2), p. 325-32.
EPub date: 2009 Dec 2.
PMID: 19955403
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Regular consumption from fast food establishments relative to other restaurants is differentially associated with metabolic outcomes in young adults.
Authors: Duffey KJ, Gordon-Larsen P, Steffen LM, Jacobs DR Jr, Popkin BM
Source: J Nutr, 2009 Nov;139(11), p. 2113-8.
EPub date: 2009 Sep 23.
PMID: 19776183
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