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Grant Details

Grant Number: 5R01CA104021-05 Interpret this number
Primary Investigator: Hall, Per
Organization: Karolinska Institute
Project Title: Genetic Determinants of Postmenopausal Breast Cancer
Fiscal Year: 2009
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Abstract

DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): A central concern regarding the widespread use of menopausal hormones is the increased breast cancer risk as recently described in several large studies. Since many women nevertheless have considerable benefit from this therapy, mainly alleviation of menopausal symptoms, it would be of outmost value if we were able to identify those women in whom the use of menopausal hormones should be discouraged due to an unacceptably increased breast cancer risk. Since this treatment could be seen as a representation of any hormonal exposures, it can serve as a model for how other hormonal factors, such as age at menopause and BMI, interact with breast cancer susceptibility genes. We will study genetic variation in pathways that regulate estrogen exposure (estrogen metabolism pathway) and regulate response to estrogen exposure (receptors and associated proteins, transcription cofactors and responsive genes) influence the risk of breast cancer. Further, we want to investigate how the influence of this genetic variation is affected by intake of exogenous hormones. The influence of estrogen in the breast tissue is mediated via one of its receptors, estrogen receptor a (ER) and transcription induced by the ER is dependent on co-regulators. We have experimentally, using T47D cells and expression arrays, identified estrogen responsive genes and genes that are associated with ER status in primary breast cancers. We have also constructed a database of gene expression data that integrates all six publicly available and some unpublished breast cancer microarray datasets. The purpose of the database is to facilitate the mining of genes with robust associations, with clinicopathological variables in human breast cancer. We propose a systematic approach for gene association study that first employs bioinformatics and genomic approaches to expand the number of likely candidate genes from several to hundreds. In addition, by using haplotype-tagging SNPs (ht-SNPs), we reduce the genotyping load by approximately 75%, while retaining thorough characterization of each gene under evaluation.

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Publications

Genetic risk and a primary role for cell-mediated immune mechanisms in multiple sclerosis.
Authors: International Multiple Sclerosis Genetics Consortium, Wellcome Trust Case Control Consortium 2, Sawcer S, Hellenthal G, Pirinen M, Spencer CC, Patsopoulos NA, Moutsianas L, Dilthey A, Su Z, Freeman C, Hunt SE, Edkins S, Gray E, Booth DR, Potter SC, Goris A, Band G, Oturai AB, Strange A, Saarela J, Bellenguez C, Fontaine B, Gillman M, Hemmer B, Gwilliam R, Zipp F, Jayakumar A, Martin R, Leslie S, Hawkins S, Giannoulatou E, D'alfonso S, Blackburn H, Martinelli Boneschi F, Liddle J, Harbo HF, Perez ML, Spurkland A, Waller MJ, Mycko MP, Ricketts M, Comabella M, Hammond N, Kockum I, McCann OT, Ban M, Whittaker P, Kemppinen A, Weston P, Hawkins C, Widaa S, Zajicek J, Dronov S, Robertson N, Bumpstead SJ, Barcellos LF, Ravindrarajah R, Abraham R, Alfredsson L, Ardlie K, Aubin C, Baker A, Baker K, Baranzini SE, Bergamaschi L, Bergamaschi R, Bernstein A, Berthele A, Boggild M, Bradfield JP, Brassat D, Broadley SA, Buck D, Butzkueven H, Capra R, Carroll WM, Cavalla P, Celius EG, Cepok S, Chiavacci R, Clerget-Darpoux F, Clysters K, Comi G, Cossburn M, Cournu-Rebeix I, Cox MB, Cozen W, Cree BA, Cross AH, Cusi D, Daly MJ, Davis E, de Bakker PI, Debouverie M, D'hooghe MB, Dixon K, Dobosi R, Dubois B, Ellinghaus D, Elovaara I, Esposito F, Fontenille C, Foote S, Franke A, Galimberti D, Ghezzi A, Glessner J, Gomez R, Gout O, Graham C, Grant SF, Guerini FR, Hakonarson H, Hall P, Hamsten A, Hartung HP, Heard RN, Heath S, Hobart J, Hoshi M, Infante-Duarte C, Ingram G, Ingram W, Islam T, Jagodic M, Kabesch M, Kermode AG, Kilpatrick TJ, Kim C, Klopp N, Koivisto K, Larsson M, Lathrop M, Lechner-Scott JS, Leone MA, Leppä V, Liljedahl U, Bomfim IL, Lincoln RR, Link J, Liu J, Lorentzen AR, Lupoli S, Macciardi F, Mack T, Marriott M, Martinelli V, Mason D, McCauley JL, Mentch F, Mero IL, Mihalova T, Montalban X, Mottershead J, Myhr KM, Naldi P, Ollier W, Page A, Palotie A, Pelletier J, Piccio L, Pickersgill T, Piehl F, Pobywajlo S, Quach HL, Ramsay PP, Reunanen M, Reynolds R, Rioux JD, Rodegher M, Roesner S, Rubio JP, Rückert IM, Salvetti M, Salvi E, Santaniello A, Schaefer CA, Schreiber S, Schulze C, Scott RJ, Sellebjerg F, Selmaj KW, Sexton D, Shen L, Simms-Acuna B, Skidmore S, Sleiman PM, Smestad C, Sørensen PS, Søndergaard HB, Stankovich J, Strange RC, Sulonen AM, Sundqvist E, Syvänen AC, Taddeo F, Taylor B, Blackwell JM, Tienari P, Bramon E, Tourbah A, Brown MA, Tronczynska E, Casas JP, Tubridy N, Corvin A, Vickery J, Jankowski J, Villoslada P, Markus HS, Wang K, Mathew CG, Wason J, Palmer CN, Wichmann HE, Plomin R, Willoughby E, Rautanen A, Winkelmann J, Wittig M, Trembath RC, Yaouanq J, Viswanathan AC, Zhang H, Wood NW, Zuvich R, Deloukas P, Langford C, Duncanson A, Oksenberg JR, Pericak-Vance MA, Haines JL, Olsson T, Hillert J, Ivinson AJ, De Jager PL, Peltonen L, Stewart GJ, Hafler DA, Hauser SL, McVean G, Donnelly P, Compston A
Source: Nature, 2011 Aug 10;476(7359), p. 214-9.
EPub date: 2011 Aug 10.
PMID: 21833088
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Swedish population substructure revealed by genome-wide single nucleotide polymorphism data.
Authors: Salmela E, Lappalainen T, Liu J, Sistonen P, Andersen PM, Schreiber S, Savontaus ML, Czene K, Lahermo P, Hall P, Kere J
Source: PLoS One, 2011 Feb 9;6(2), p. e16747.
EPub date: 2011 Feb 9.
PMID: 21347369
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Thirty new loci for age at menarche identified by a meta-analysis of genome-wide association studies.
Authors: Elks CE, Perry JR, Sulem P, Chasman DI, Franceschini N, He C, Lunetta KL, Visser JA, Byrne EM, Cousminer DL, Gudbjartsson DF, Esko T, Feenstra B, Hottenga JJ, Koller DL, Kutalik Z, Lin P, Mangino M, Marongiu M, McArdle PF, Smith AV, Stolk L, van Wingerden SH, Zhao JH, Albrecht E, Corre T, Ingelsson E, Hayward C, Magnusson PK, Smith EN, Ulivi S, Warrington NM, Zgaga L, Alavere H, Amin N, Aspelund T, Bandinelli S, Barroso I, Berenson GS, Bergmann S, Blackburn H, Boerwinkle E, Buring JE, Busonero F, Campbell H, Chanock SJ, Chen W, Cornelis MC, Couper D, Coviello AD, d'Adamo P, de Faire U, de Geus EJ, Deloukas P, Döring A, Smith GD, Easton DF, Eiriksdottir G, Emilsson V, Eriksson J, Ferrucci L, Folsom AR, Foroud T, Garcia M, Gasparini P, Geller F, Gieger C, GIANT Consortium, Gudnason V, Hall P, Hankinson SE, Ferreli L, Heath AC, Hernandez DG, Hofman A, Hu FB, Illig T, Järvelin MR, Johnson AD, Karasik D, Khaw KT, Kiel DP, Kilpeläinen TO, Kolcic I, Kraft P, Launer LJ, Laven JS, Li S, Liu J, Levy D, Martin NG, McArdle WL, Melbye M, Mooser V, Murray JC, Murray SS, Nalls MA, Navarro P, Nelis M, Ness AR, Northstone K, Oostra BA, Peacock M, Palmer LJ, Palotie A, Paré G, Parker AN, Pedersen NL, Peltonen L, Pennell CE, Pharoah P, Polasek O, Plump AS, Pouta A, Porcu E, Rafnar T, Rice JP, Ring SM, Rivadeneira F, Rudan I, Sala C, Salomaa V, Sanna S, Schlessinger D, Schork NJ, Scuteri A, Segrè AV, Shuldiner AR, Soranzo N, Sovio U, Srinivasan SR, Strachan DP, Tammesoo ML, Tikkanen E, Toniolo D, Tsui K, Tryggvadottir L, Tyrer J, Uda M, van Dam RM, van Meurs JB, Vollenweider P, Waeber G, Wareham NJ, Waterworth DM, Weedon MN, Wichmann HE, Willemsen G, Wilson JF, Wright AF, Young L, Zhai G, Zhuang WV, Bierut LJ, Boomsma DI, Boyd HA, Crisponi L, Demerath EW, van Duijn CM, Econs MJ, Harris TB, Hunter DJ, Loos RJ, Metspalu A, Montgomery GW, Ridker PM, Spector TD, Streeten EA, Stefansson K, Thorsteinsdottir U, Uitterlinden AG, Widen E, Murabito JM, Ong KK, Murray A
Source: Nat Genet, 2010 Dec;42(12), p. 1077-85.
PMID: 21102462
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Hundreds of variants clustered in genomic loci and biological pathways affect human height.
Authors: Lango Allen H, Estrada K, Lettre G, Berndt SI, Weedon MN, Rivadeneira F, Willer CJ, Jackson AU, Vedantam S, Raychaudhuri S, Ferreira T, Wood AR, Weyant RJ, Segrè AV, Speliotes EK, Wheeler E, Soranzo N, Park JH, Yang J, Gudbjartsson D, Heard-Costa NL, Randall JC, Qi L, Vernon Smith A, Mägi R, Pastinen T, Liang L, Heid IM, Luan J, Thorleifsson G, Winkler TW, Goddard ME, Sin Lo K, Palmer C, Workalemahu T, Aulchenko YS, Johansson A, Zillikens MC, Feitosa MF, Esko T, Johnson T, Ketkar S, Kraft P, Mangino M, Prokopenko I, Absher D, Albrecht E, Ernst F, Glazer NL, Hayward C, Hottenga JJ, Jacobs KB, Knowles JW, Kutalik Z, Monda KL, Polasek O, Preuss M, Rayner NW, Robertson NR, Steinthorsdottir V, Tyrer JP, Voight BF, Wiklund F, Xu J, Zhao JH, Nyholt DR, Pellikka N, Perola M, Perry JR, Surakka I, Tammesoo ML, Altmaier EL, Amin N, Aspelund T, Bhangale T, Boucher G, Chasman DI, Chen C, Coin L, Cooper MN, Dixon AL, Gibson Q, Grundberg E, Hao K, Juhani Junttila M, Kaplan LM, Kettunen J, König IR, Kwan T, Lawrence RW, Levinson DF, Lorentzon M, McKnight B, Morris AP, Müller M, Suh Ngwa J, Purcell S, Rafelt S, Salem RM, Salvi E, Sanna S, Shi J, Sovio U, Thompson JR, Turchin MC, Vandenput L, Verlaan DJ, Vitart V, White CC, Ziegler A, Almgren P, Balmforth AJ, Campbell H, Citterio L, De Grandi A, Dominiczak A, Duan J, Elliott P, Elosua R, Eriksson JG, Freimer NB, Geus EJ, Glorioso N, Haiqing S, Hartikainen AL, Havulinna AS, Hicks AA, Hui J, Igl W, Illig T, Jula A, Kajantie E, Kilpeläinen TO, Koiranen M, Kolcic I, Koskinen S, Kovacs P, Laitinen J, Liu J, Lokki ML, Marusic A, Maschio A, Meitinger T, Mulas A, Paré G, Parker AN, Peden JF, Petersmann A, Pichler I, Pietiläinen KH, Pouta A, Ridderstråle M, Rotter JI, Sambrook JG, Sanders AR, Schmidt CO, Sinisalo J, Smit JH, Stringham HM, Bragi Walters G, Widen E, Wild SH, Willemsen G, Zagato L, Zgaga L, Zitting P, Alavere H, Farrall M, McArdle WL, Nelis M, Peters MJ, Ripatti S, van Meurs JB, Aben KK, Ardlie KG, Beckmann JS, Beilby JP, Bergman RN, Bergmann S, Collins FS, Cusi D, den Heijer M, Eiriksdottir G, Gejman PV, Hall AS, Hamsten A, Huikuri HV, Iribarren C, Kähönen M, Kaprio J, Kathiresan S, Kiemeney L, Kocher T, Launer LJ, Lehtimäki T, Melander O, Mosley TH Jr, Musk AW, Nieminen MS, O'Donnell CJ, Ohlsson C, Oostra B, Palmer LJ, Raitakari O, Ridker PM, Rioux JD, Rissanen A, Rivolta C, Schunkert H, Shuldiner AR, Siscovick DS, Stumvoll M, Tönjes A, Tuomilehto J, van Ommen GJ, Viikari J, Heath AC, Martin NG, Montgomery GW, Province MA, Kayser M, Arnold AM, Atwood LD, Boerwinkle E, Chanock SJ, Deloukas P, Gieger C, Grönberg H, Hall P, Hattersley AT, Hengstenberg C, Hoffman W, Lathrop GM, Salomaa V, Schreiber S, Uda M, Waterworth D, Wright AF, Assimes TL, Barroso I, Hofman A, Mohlke KL, Boomsma DI, Caulfield MJ, Cupples LA, Erdmann J, Fox CS, Gudnason V, Gyllensten U, Harris TB, Hayes RB, Jarvelin MR, Mooser V, Munroe PB, Ouwehand WH, Penninx BW, Pramstaller PP, Quertermous T, Rudan I, Samani NJ, Spector TD, Völzke H, Watkins H, Wilson JF, Groop LC, Haritunians T, Hu FB, Kaplan RC, Metspalu A, North KE, Schlessinger D, Wareham NJ, Hunter DJ, O'Connell JR, Strachan DP, Wichmann HE, Borecki IB, van Duijn CM, Schadt EE, Thorsteinsdottir U, Peltonen L, Uitterlinden AG, Visscher PM, Chatterjee N, Loos RJ, Boehnke M, McCarthy MI, Ingelsson E, Lindgren CM, Abecasis GR, Stefansson K, Frayling TM, Hirschhorn JN
Source: Nature, 2010 Oct 14;467(7317), p. 832-8.
EPub date: 2010 Sep 29.
PMID: 20881960
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Multi-variant pathway association analysis reveals the importance of genetic determinants of estrogen metabolism in breast and endometrial cancer susceptibility.
Authors: Low YL, Li Y, Humphreys K, Thalamuthu A, Li Y, Darabi H, Wedrén S, Bonnard C, Czene K, Iles MM, Heikkinen T, Aittomäki K, Blomqvist C, Nevanlinna H, Hall P, Liu ET, Liu J
Source: PLoS Genet, 2010 Jul 1;6(7), p. e1001012.
EPub date: 2010 Jul 1.
PMID: 20617168
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Five polymorphisms and breast cancer risk: results from the Breast Cancer Association Consortium.
Authors: Gaudet MM, Milne RL, Cox A, Camp NJ, Goode EL, Humphreys MK, Dunning AM, Morrison J, Giles GG, Severi G, Baglietto L, English DR, Couch FJ, Olson JE, Wang X, Chang-Claude J, Flesch-Janys D, Abbas S, Salazar R, Mannermaa A, Kataja V, Kosma VM, Lindblom A, Margolin S, Heikkinen T, Kämpjärvi K, Aaltonen K, Nevanlinna H, Bogdanova N, Coinac I, Schürmann P, Dörk T, Bartram CR, Schmutzler RK, Tchatchou S, Burwinkel B, Brauch H, Torres D, Hamann U, Justenhoven C, Ribas G, Arias JI, Benitez J, Bojesen SE, Nordestgaard BG, Flyger HL, Peto J, Fletcher O, Johnson N, Dos Santos Silva I, Fasching PA, Beckmann MW, Strick R, Ekici AB, Broeks A, Schmidt MK, van Leeuwen FE, Van't Veer LJ, Southey MC, Hopper JL, Apicella C, Haiman CA, Henderson BE, Le Marchand L, Kolonel LN, Kristensen V, Grenaker Alnaes G, Hunter DJ, Kraft P, Cox DG, Hankinson SE, Seynaeve C, Vreeswijk MP, Tollenaar RA, Devilee P, Chanock S, Lissowska J, Brinton L, Peplonska B, Czene K, Hall P, Li Y, Liu J, Balasubramanian S, Rafii S, Reed MW, Pooley KA, Conroy D, Baynes C, Kang D, Yoo KY, Noh DY, Ahn SH, Shen CY, Wang HC, Yu JC, Wu PE, Anton-Culver H, Ziogoas A, Egan K, Newcomb P, Titus-Ernstoff L, Trentham Dietz A, Sigurdson AJ, Alexander BH, Bhatti P, Allen-Brady K, Cannon-Albright LA, Wong J, Australian Ovarian Cancer Study Group, Chenevix-Trench G, Spurdle AB, Beesley J, Pharoah PD, Easton DF, Garcia-Closas M, Breast Cancer Association Consortium
Source: Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev, 2009 May;18(5), p. 1610-6.
PMID: 19423537
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Newly discovered breast cancer susceptibility loci on 3p24 and 17q23.2.
Authors: Ahmed S, Thomas G, Ghoussaini M, Healey CS, Humphreys MK, Platte R, Morrison J, Maranian M, Pooley KA, Luben R, Eccles D, Evans DG, Fletcher O, Johnson N, dos Santos Silva I, Peto J, Stratton MR, Rahman N, Jacobs K, Prentice R, Anderson GL, Rajkovic A, Curb JD, Ziegler RG, Berg CD, Buys SS, McCarty CA, Feigelson HS, Calle EE, Thun MJ, Diver WR, Bojesen S, Nordestgaard BG, Flyger H, Dörk T, Schürmann P, Hillemanns P, Karstens JH, Bogdanova NV, Antonenkova NN, Zalutsky IV, Bermisheva M, Fedorova S, Khusnutdinova E, SEARCH, Kang D, Yoo KY, Noh DY, Ahn SH, Devilee P, van Asperen CJ, Tollenaar RA, Seynaeve C, Garcia-Closas M, Lissowska J, Brinton L, Peplonska B, Nevanlinna H, Heikkinen T, Aittomäki K, Blomqvist C, Hopper JL, Southey MC, Smith L, Spurdle AB, Schmidt MK, Broeks A, van Hien RR, Cornelissen S, Milne RL, Ribas G, González-Neira A, Benitez J, Schmutzler RK, Burwinkel B, Bartram CR, Meindl A, Brauch H, Justenhoven C, Hamann U, GENICA Consortium, Chang-Claude J, Hein R, Wang-Gohrke S, Lindblom A, Margolin S, Mannermaa A, Kosma VM, Kataja V, Olson JE, Wang X, Fredericksen Z, Giles GG, Severi G, Baglietto L, English DR, Hankinson SE, Cox DG, Kraft P, Vatten LJ, Hveem K, Kumle M, Sigurdson A, Doody M, Bhatti P, Alexander BH, Hooning MJ, van den Ouweland AM, Oldenburg RA, Schutte M, Hall P, Czene K, Liu J, Li Y, Cox A, Elliott G, Brock I, Reed MW, Shen CY, Yu JC, Hsu GC, Chen ST, Anton-Culver H, Ziogas A, Andrulis IL, Knight JA, kConFab, Australian Ovarian Cancer Study Group, Beesley J, Goode EL, Couch F, Chenevix-Trench G, Hoover RN, Ponder BA, Hunter DJ, Pharoah PD, Dunning AM, Chanock SJ, Easton DF
Source: Nat Genet, 2009 May;41(5), p. 585-90.
EPub date: 2009 Mar 29.
PMID: 19330027
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Association of ESR1 gene tagging SNPs with breast cancer risk.
Authors: Dunning AM, Healey CS, Baynes C, Maia AT, Scollen S, Vega A, Rodríguez R, Barbosa-Morais NL, Ponder BA, SEARCH, Low YL, Bingham S, EPIC, Haiman CA, Le Marchand L, MEC, Broeks A, Schmidt MK, ABCS, Hopper J, Southey M, ABCFS, Beckmann MW, Fasching PA, BBCC, Peto J, Johnson N, BBCS, Bojesen SE, Nordestgaard B, CGPS, Milne RL, Benitez J, CNIO-BCS, Hamann U, Ko Y, GENICA, Schmutzler RK, Burwinkel B, GC-HBOC, Schürmann P, Dörk T, HABCS, Heikkinen T, Nevanlinna H, HEBCS, Lindblom A, Margolin S, KARBAC, Mannermaa A, Kosma VM, KBCS, Chen X, Spurdle A, kConFab and the AOCS Management Group, Change-Claude J, Flesch-Janys D, MARIE, Couch FJ, Olson JE, for MCBCS, Severi G, Baglietto L, MCCS, Børresen-Dale AL, Kristensen V, NBCS, Hunter DJ, Hankinson SE, NHS, Devilee P, Vreeswijk M, ORIGO, Lissowska J, Brinton L, PBCS, Liu J, Hall P, SASBAC, Kang D, Yoo KY, SEBCS, Shen CY, Yu JC, TWBCS, Anton-Culver H, Ziogoas A, UCIBCS, Sigurdson A, Struewing J, USRTS, Easton DF, Garcia-Closas M, Humphreys MK, Morrison J, Pharoah PD, Pooley KA, Chenevix-Trench G, BCAC
Source: Hum Mol Genet, 2009 Mar 15;18(6), p. 1131-9.
EPub date: 2009 Jan 6.
PMID: 19126777
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ESR1 and EGF genetic variation in relation to breast cancer risk and survival.
Authors: Einarsdóttir K, Darabi H, Li Y, Low YL, Li YQ, Bonnard C, Sjölander A, Czene K, Wedrén S, Liu ET, Hall P, Humphreys K, Liu J
Source: Breast Cancer Res, 2008;10(1), p. R15.
EPub date: 2008 Feb 14.
PMID: 18271972
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Comprehensive analysis of the ATM, CHEK2 and ERBB2 genes in relation to breast tumour characteristics and survival: a population-based case-control and follow-up study.
Authors: Einarsdóttir K, Rosenberg LU, Humphreys K, Bonnard C, Palmgren J, Li Y, Li Y, Chia KS, Liu ET, Hall P, Liu J, Wedrén S
Source: Breast Cancer Res, 2006;8(6), p. R67.
PMID: 17132159
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