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Grant Details

Grant Number: 5R03CA133939-02 Interpret this number
Primary Investigator: Brennan, Paul
Organization: International Agency For Res On Cancer
Project Title: International Lung Cancer Consortium: Pooled Analysis of Genetic Determinants of
Fiscal Year: 2009
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Abstract

DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): While it is apparent that lung cancer is predominantly caused by exposure to tobacco products, only a minority of heavy smokers will develop this disease. Familial aggregation has been observed in lung cancer with familial relative risk of 2-fold and a recent linkage analysis has revealed a possible susceptibility locus at 6q23-25. However, the exact inheritance mechanism of lung cancer is still largely undefined. Major gaps remain in knowledge of lung cancer genetics including (i) the effect of positive family history of lung cancer, particularly by histological type and among never smokers, and (ii) the contribution of low and moderate penetrance genetic variants. Single studies are unlikely to be sufficiently powered to provide robust answer to these questions highlighting the need for international collaboration across studies. The International Lung Cancer Consortium (ILCCO) is an international group of lung cancer researchers established in 2004 with the aim of sharing comparable data from ongoing lung cancer case-control and cohort studies. The overall objectives are to achieve greater power, especially for subgroup analyses, reduce duplication of research effort, replicate novel findings, and afford substantial cost savings through large collaborative efforts. We propose to conduct pooled analyses to evaluate the effect of family history among never smokers, and conduct coordinated genotyping to investigate the contribution of low to moderate penetrance genetic variants. Our hypotheses are (i) positive family history of lung cancer may differ by histological type and also by smoking status, and ii) common genetic variants influence lung cancer risk and attributable to at least part of the lung cancer cases. Our specific aims are (i) to combine data from 21 lung cancer studies to evaluate the contribution of positive family history of lung cancer to the risk of developing lung cancer overall, as well as by age of the proband, in never smokers and by histological subtype. We will also (ii) conduct coordinated genotyping on potential lung cancer susceptibility variants, which are nominated by ILCCO members and chosen based on the strength of the evidence, biological plausibility, and previous independent replications. Finally we will (iii) conduct pooled analysis of genotyping data, in order to confirm or refute the effect of these sequence variants on lung cancer overall, as well as in rare subgroups of interest including never smokers, young age of onset, familial cases and on histological subtypes.

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Publications

The 5p15.33 locus is associated with risk of lung adenocarcinoma in never-smoking females in Asia.
Authors: Hsiung CA, Lan Q, Hong YC, Chen CJ, Hosgood HD, Chang IS, Chatterjee N, Brennan P, Wu C, Zheng W, Chang GC, Wu T, Park JY, Hsiao CF, Kim YH, Shen H, Seow A, Yeager M, Tsai YH, Kim YT, Chow WH, Guo H, Wang WC, Sung SW, Hu Z, Chen KY, Kim JH, Chen Y, Huang L, Lee KM, Lo YL, Gao YT, Kim JH, Liu L, Huang MS, Jung TH, Jin G, Caporaso N, Yu D, Kim CH, Su WC, Shu XO, Xu P, Kim IS, Chen YM, Ma H, Shen M, Cha SI, Tan W, Chang CH, Sung JS, Zhang M, Yang TY, Park KH, Yuenger J, Wang CL, Ryu JS, Xiang Y, Deng Q, Hutchinson A, Kim JS, Cai Q, Landi MT, Yu CJ, Park JY, Tucker M, Hung JY, Lin CC, Perng RP, Boffetta P, Chen CY, Chen KC, Yang SY, Hu CY, Chang CK, Fraumeni JF Jr, Chanock S, Yang PC, Rothman N, Lin D
Source: PLoS Genet, 2010 Aug 5;6(8), p. null.
EPub date: 2010 Aug 5.
PMID: 20700438
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Replication of lung cancer susceptibility loci at chromosomes 15q25, 5p15, and 6p21: a pooled analysis from the International Lung Cancer Consortium.
Authors: Truong T, Hung RJ, Amos CI, Wu X, Bickeböller H, Rosenberger A, Sauter W, Illig T, Wichmann HE, Risch A, Dienemann H, Kaaks R, Yang P, Jiang R, Wiencke JK, Wrensch M, Hansen H, Kelsey KT, Matsuo K, Tajima K, Schwartz AG, Wenzlaff A, Seow A, Ying C, Staratschek-Jox A, Nürnberg P, Stoelben E, Wolf J, Lazarus P, Muscat JE, Gallagher CJ, Zienolddiny S, Haugen A, van der Heijden HF, Kiemeney LA, Isla D, Mayordomo JI, Rafnar T, Stefansson K, Zhang ZF, Chang SC, Kim JH, Hong YC, Duell EJ, Andrew AS, Lejbkowicz F, Rennert G, Müller H, Brenner H, Le Marchand L, Benhamou S, Bouchardy C, Teare MD, Xue X, McLaughlin J, Liu G, McKay JD, Brennan P, Spitz MR
Source: J Natl Cancer Inst, 2010 Jul 7;102(13), p. 959-71.
EPub date: 2010 Jun 14.
PMID: 20548021
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International Lung Cancer Consortium: coordinated association study of 10 potential lung cancer susceptibility variants.
Authors: Truong T, Sauter W, McKay JD, Hosgood HD 3rd, Gallagher C, Amos CI, Spitz M, Muscat J, Lazarus P, Illig T, Wichmann HE, Bickeböller H, Risch A, Dienemann H, Zhang ZF, Naeim BP, Yang P, Zienolddiny S, Haugen A, Le Marchand L, Hong YC, Kim JH, Duell EJ, Andrew AS, Kiyohara C, Shen H, Matsuo K, Suzuki T, Seow A, Ng DP, Lan Q, Zaridze D, Szeszenia-Dabrowska N, Lissowska J, Rudnai P, Fabianova E, Constantinescu V, Bencko V, Foretova L, Janout V, Caporaso NE, Albanes D, Thun M, Landi MT, Trubicka J, Lener M, Lubinski J, EPIC-lung, Wang Y, Chabrier A, Boffetta P, Brennan P, Hung RJ
Source: Carcinogenesis, 2010 Apr;31(4), p. 625-33.
EPub date: 2010 Jan 27.
PMID: 20106900
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Association between a 15q25 gene variant, smoking quantity and tobacco-related cancers among 17 000 individuals.
Authors: Lips EH, Gaborieau V, McKay JD, Chabrier A, Hung RJ, Boffetta P, Hashibe M, Zaridze D, Szeszenia-Dabrowska N, Lissowska J, Rudnai P, Fabianova E, Mates D, Bencko V, Foretova L, Janout V, Field JK, Liloglou T, Xinarianos G, McLaughlin J, Liu G, Skorpen F, Elvestad MB, Hveem K, Vatten L, Study E, Benhamou S, Lagiou P, Holcátová I, Merletti F, Kjaerheim K, Agudo A, Castellsagué X, Macfarlane TV, Barzan L, Canova C, Lowry R, Conway DI, Znaor A, Healy C, Curado MP, Koifman S, Eluf-Neto J, Matos E, Menezes A, Fernandez L, Metspalu A, Heath S, Lathrop M, Brennan P
Source: Int J Epidemiol, 2010 Apr;39(2), p. 563-77.
EPub date: 2009 Sep 23.
PMID: 19776245
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