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National Institutes of Health: National Cancer Institute: Division of Cancer Control and Population Sciences
Grant Details

Grant Number: 5R03CA132175-02 Interpret this number
Primary Investigator: Han, Jiali
Organization: Brigham And Women'S Hospital
Project Title: Genetic Variants in Immunological Mediator Genes and Skin Cancer Risk
Fiscal Year: 2008
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Abstract

DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Genetic variants in immunological mediator genes and skin cancer risk Substantial biologic evidence indicates that the immune surveillance plays a critical role in protecting against skin cancer. However, the importance of common inherited variants in the immune surveillance genes and their interactions with constitutional host factors and UV exposure history in causing skin cancer is largely unknown; sparse data exist. We propose to examine in detail the genetic variants in 9 immunological mediator genes with the risk of melanoma, squamous cell carcinoma (SCC), and basal cell carcinoma (BCC) simultaneously in a nested case-control study within the Nurses Health Study (219 melanoma cases, 286 SCC cases, 300 BCC cases, and 874 matched controls). This innovative work will move this field forward, by evaluating common variants using complementary approaches, i.e. to evaluate putative functional SNPs and to choose tag- SNPs to test for associations of unknown common functional variants with skin cancer risk, along with exploratory pathway analyses. In addition, we will also assess the interactions between genetic variants in these genes and constitutional host factors and UV exposure history on skin cancer risk. This proposal will take advantage of the research opportunities nested within the existing well-characterized cohort, including cohort characteristics, quality of design, high follow-up rate, large sample size, rigor in prospective host risk factor assessment, and high response rate of retrospective questionnaires. Our study will also take advantage of the previously confirmed cases of the three types of skin cancers, stored blood and DNA samples, as well as previously collected information on host risk factors and UV exposure history. This research will contribute to the scientific basis for identifying high-risk individuals for skin cancer and providing individualized risk management strategies. We propose a detailed evaluation of genetic variation in immunological mediator genes in relation to the risks of melanoma, squamous cell carcinoma, and basal cell carcinoma simultaneously. This innovative work will move this field forward, by systematically evaluating common variants using complementary approaches. This research will contribute to the scientific basis for identifying individuals at high-risk for skin cancer and providing individualized risk management strategies.

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Publications

A Genome-wide Association Study Identifies Novel Alleles Associated With Hair Color And Skin Pigmentation
Authors: Han J. , Kraft P. , Nan H. , Guo Q. , Chen C. , Qureshi A. , Hankinson S.E. , Hu F.B. , Duffy D.L. , Zhao Z.Z. , et al. .
Source: Plos Genetics, 2008 May; 4(5), p. e1000074.
PMID: 18483556
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A Prospective Study Of Telomere Length And The Risk Of Skin Cancer
Authors: Han J. , Qureshi A.A. , Prescott J. , Guo Q. , Ye L. , Hunter D.J. , De Vivo I. .
Source: The Journal Of Investigative Dermatology, 2009 Feb; 129(2), p. 415-21.
PMID: 18668136
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Interleukin And Interleukin Receptor Gene Polymorphisms And Susceptibility To Melanoma
Authors: Gu F. , Qureshi A.A. , Niu T. , Kraft P. , Guo Q. , Hunter D.J. , Han J. .
Source: Melanoma Research, 2008 Oct; 18(5), p. 330-5.
PMID: 18781131
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Missense Polymorphisms In Matrix Metalloproteinase Genes And Skin Cancer Risk
Authors: Nan H. , Niu T. , Hunter D.J. , Han J. .
Source: Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention : A Publication Of The American Association For Cancer Research, Cosponsored By The American Society Of Preventive Oncology, 2008 Dec; 17(12), p. 3551-7.
PMID: 19064570
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Genetic Variants In Pigmentation Genes, Pigmentary Phenotypes, And Risk Of Skin Cancer In Caucasians
Authors: Nan H. , Kraft P. , Hunter D.J. , Han J. .
Source: International Journal Of Cancer, 2009-08-15 00:00:00.0; 125(4), p. 909-17.
PMID: 19384953
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Polymorphisms In Genes Involved In Dna Repair, Cell Growth, Oxidative Stress And Inflammatory Response, And Melanoma Risk
Authors: Gu F. , Qureshi A.A. , Kraft P. , Guo Q. , Hunter D.J. , Han J. .
Source: The British Journal Of Dermatology, 2009 Jul; 161(1), p. 209-12.
PMID: 19438866
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Genetic Variants In Fgfr2 And Fgfr4 Genes And Skin Cancer Risk In The Nurses' Health Study
Authors: Nan H. , Qureshi A.A. , Hunter D.J. , Han J. .
Source: Bmc Cancer, 2009; 9, p. 172.
PMID: 19500394
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Polymorphisms Of Fas And Fas Ligand Genes And Risk Of Skin Cancer
Authors: Qureshi A. , Nan H. , Dyer M. , Han J. .
Source: Journal Of Dermatological Science, 2010 Apr; 58(1), p. 78-80.
PMID: 20219325
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Polymorphisms In Genes Involved In Oxidative Stress And Their Interactions With Lifestyle Factors On Skin Cancer Risk
Authors: He C. , Qureshi A.A. , Han J. .
Source: Journal Of Dermatological Science, 2010 Oct; 60(1), p. 54-6.
PMID: 20727719
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A Germline Variant In The Interferon Regulatory Factor 4 Gene As A Novel Skin Cancer Risk Locus
Authors: Han J. , Qureshi A.A. , Nan H. , Zhang J. , Song Y. , Guo Q. , Hunter D.J. .
Source: Cancer Research, 2011-03-01 00:00:00.0; 71(5), p. 1533-9.
PMID: 21270109
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Paternal Age At Birth Is Associated With Offspring Leukocyte Telomere Length In The Nurses' Health Study
Authors: Prescott J. , Du M. , Wong J.Y. , Han J. , De Vivo I. .
Source: Human Reproduction (oxford, England), 2012 Dec; 27(12), p. 3622-31.
PMID: 22940768
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Genetic Predisposition To Higher Body Mass Index Or Type 2 Diabetes And Leukocyte Telomere Length In The Nurses' Health Study
Authors: Du M. , Prescott J. , Cornelis M.C. , Hankinson S.E. , Giovannucci E. , Kraft P. , De Vivo I. .
Source: Plos One, 2013; 8(2), p. e52240.
PMID: 23424613
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Mediterranean Diet And Telomere Length In Nurses' Health Study: Population Based Cohort Study
Authors: Crous-Bou M. , Fung T.T. , Prescott J. , Julin B. , Du M. , Sun Q. , Rexrode K.M. , Hu F.B. , De Vivo I. .
Source: Bmj (clinical Research Ed.), 2014; 349, p. g6674.
PMID: 25467028
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