Skip Navigation
Grant Details

Grant Number: 5R01CA109831-05 Interpret this number
Primary Investigator: Popkin, Barry
Organization: Univ Of North Carolina Chapel Hill
Project Title: Young Adult Environmental and Physical Activity Dynamics
Fiscal Year: 2008
Back to top


Abstract

DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): There is an increasing call for population-wide environmental/policy interventions to increase physical activity despite the lack of large-scale intervention or epidemiological research documenting the benefits of such changes. This longitudinal study will link contemporaneous geographic locations of respondents with physical environment variables and data from an exceptional dataset including quality physical activity data. We will use four study years (1985, 1992, 1995, and 2001) of the Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults Study [CARDIA], a longitudinal study of the antecedents and risk factors for cardiovascular disease in an ethnicity-, age- and sex-balanced cohort of 5,115 black and white young adults aged 18-30 years at baseline to examine relationships between environmental factors and physical activity. We will use complex longitudinal and spatial analytical models to explore relationships between environmental factors and physical activity. A critical element addressed will be residential self-selection, an issue of increasing concern as scholars attempt to understand how the environment affects physical activity. We will model physical activity as a function of covariates, some of which may be endogenous choices made by the individual. We will examine race/ethnic differentials in these effects and the impact of "the environment" shifts over time and through the lifecycle. The focus will be on examining how modifiable environmental factors will affect physical activity patterns among underserved communities and consequently will reduce ethnic and socioeconomic differentials in health status. The longitudinal analysis and the vast array of environmental measures used, coupled with the very high quality physical activity measures of CARDIA, allow us to capture the effects of the environment (and changes in location) on physical activity shifts. No study heretofore has had large-scale groupings and in-depth environmental measures over time to examine these issues in a dynamic manner.

Back to top


Publications

Causes of increased energy intake among children in the U.S., 1977-2010.
Authors: Duffey KJ, Popkin BM
Source: Am J Prev Med, 2013 Feb;44(2), p. e1-8.
PMID: 23332342
Related Citations

Back to top


Dietary patterns matter: diet beverages and cardiometabolic risks in the longitudinal Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults (CARDIA) Study.
Authors: Duffey KJ, Steffen LM, Van Horn L, Jacobs DR Jr, Popkin BM
Source: Am J Clin Nutr, 2012 Apr;95(4), p. 909-15.
EPub date: 2012 Feb 29.
PMID: 22378729
Related Citations

Back to top


Increased portion sizes from energy-dense foods affect total energy intake at eating occasions in US children and adolescents: patterns and trends by age group and sociodemographic characteristics, 1977-2006.
Authors: Piernas C, Popkin BM
Source: Am J Clin Nutr, 2011 Nov;94(5), p. 1324-32.
EPub date: 2011 Sep 14.
PMID: 21918222
Related Citations

Back to top


Fast food restaurants and food stores: longitudinal associations with diet in young to middle-aged adults: the CARDIA study.
Authors: Boone-Heinonen J, Gordon-Larsen P, Kiefe CI, Shikany JM, Lewis CE, Popkin BM
Source: Arch Intern Med, 2011 Jul 11;171(13), p. 1162-70.
PMID: 21747011
Related Citations

Back to top


Energy density, portion size, and eating occasions: contributions to increased energy intake in the United States, 1977-2006.
Authors: Duffey KJ, Popkin BM
Source: PLoS Med, 2011 Jun;8(6), p. e1001050.
EPub date: 2011 Jun 28.
PMID: 21738451
Related Citations

Back to top


Food portion patterns and trends among U.S. children and the relationship to total eating occasion size, 1977-2006.
Authors: Piernas C, Popkin BM
Source: J Nutr, 2011 Jun;141(6), p. 1159-64.
EPub date: 2011 Apr 27.
PMID: 21525258
Related Citations

Back to top


Environment and Physical Activity Dynamics: The Role of Residential Self-selection.
Authors: Boone-Heinonen J, Gordon-Larsen P, Guilkey DK, Jacobs DR Jr, Popkin BM
Source: Psychol Sport Exerc, 2011 Jan 1;12(1), p. 54-60.
PMID: 21516236
Related Citations

Back to top


Are the 2005 Dietary Guidelines for Americans Associated With reduced risk of type 2 diabetes and cardiometabolic risk factors? Twenty-year findings from the CARDIA study.
Authors: Zamora D, Gordon-Larsen P, He K, Jacobs DR Jr, Shikany JM, Popkin BM
Source: Diabetes Care, 2011 May;34(5), p. 1183-5.
EPub date: 2011 Apr 8.
PMID: 21478463
Related Citations

Back to top


Longitudinal trends in gasoline price and physical activity: the CARDIA study.
Authors: Hou N, Popkin BM, Jacobs DR Jr, Song Y, Guilkey DK, He K, Lewis CE, Gordon-Larsen P
Source: Prev Med, 2011 May;52(5), p. 365-9.
EPub date: 2011 Feb 19.
PMID: 21338621
Related Citations

Back to top


Neighborhood socioeconomic status predictors of physical activity through young to middle adulthood: the CARDIA study.
Authors: Boone-Heinonen J, Diez Roux AV, Kiefe CI, Lewis CE, Guilkey DK, Gordon-Larsen P
Source: Soc Sci Med, 2011 Mar;72(5), p. 641-9.
EPub date: 2011 Jan 25.
PMID: 21316829
Related Citations

Back to top


Longitudinal associations between neighborhood-level street network with walking, bicycling, and jogging: the CARDIA study.
Authors: Hou N, Popkin BM, Jacobs DR Jr, Song Y, Guilkey D, Lewis CE, Gordon-Larsen P
Source: Health Place, 2010 Nov;16(6), p. 1206-15.
EPub date: 2010 Aug 10.
PMID: 20801072
Related Citations

Back to top


Impact of water intake on energy intake and weight status: a systematic review.
Authors: Daniels MC, Popkin BM
Source: Nutr Rev, 2010 Sep;68(9), p. 505-21.
PMID: 20796216
Related Citations

Back to top


Drinking caloric beverages increases the risk of adverse cardiometabolic outcomes in the Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults (CARDIA) Study.
Authors: Duffey KJ, Gordon-Larsen P, Steffen LM, Jacobs DR Jr, Popkin BM
Source: Am J Clin Nutr, 2010 Oct;92(4), p. 954-9.
EPub date: 2010 Aug 11.
PMID: 20702604
Related Citations

Back to top


Diet quality and weight gain among black and white young adults: the Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults (CARDIA) Study (1985-2005).
Authors: Zamora D, Gordon-Larsen P, Jacobs DR Jr, Popkin BM
Source: Am J Clin Nutr, 2010 Oct;92(4), p. 784-93.
EPub date: 2010 Aug 4.
PMID: 20685947
Related Citations

Back to top


Water, hydration, and health.
Authors: Popkin BM, D'Anci KE, Rosenberg IH
Source: Nutr Rev, 2010 Aug;68(8), p. 439-58.
PMID: 20646222
Related Citations

Back to top


Does hunger and satiety drive eating anymore? Increasing eating occasions and decreasing time between eating occasions in the United States.
Authors: Popkin BM, Duffey KJ
Source: Am J Clin Nutr, 2010 May;91(5), p. 1342-7.
EPub date: 2010 Mar 17.
PMID: 20237134
Related Citations

Back to top


Food price and diet and health outcomes: 20 years of the CARDIA Study.
Authors: Duffey KJ, Gordon-Larsen P, Shikany JM, Guilkey D, Jacobs DR Jr, Popkin BM
Source: Arch Intern Med, 2010 Mar 8;170(5), p. 420-6.
PMID: 20212177
Related Citations

Back to top


Trends in snacking among U.S. children.
Authors: Piernas C, Popkin BM
Source: Health Aff (Millwood), 2010 Mar-Apr;29(3), p. 398-404.
PMID: 20194979
Related Citations

Back to top


Snacking increased among U.S. adults between 1977 and 2006.
Authors: Piernas C, Popkin BM
Source: J Nutr, 2010 Feb;140(2), p. 325-32.
EPub date: 2009 Dec 2.
PMID: 19955403
Related Citations

Back to top


Regular consumption from fast food establishments relative to other restaurants is differentially associated with metabolic outcomes in young adults.
Authors: Duffey KJ, Gordon-Larsen P, Steffen LM, Jacobs DR Jr, Popkin BM
Source: J Nutr, 2009 Nov;139(11), p. 2113-8.
EPub date: 2009 Sep 23.
PMID: 19776183
Related Citations

Back to top


A walk (or cycle) to the park: active transit to neighborhood amenities, the CARDIA study.
Authors: Boone-Heinonen J, Jacobs DR Jr, Sidney S, Sternfeld B, Lewis CE, Gordon-Larsen P
Source: Am J Prev Med, 2009 Oct;37(4), p. 285-92.
PMID: 19765499
Related Citations

Back to top


Active commuting and cardiovascular disease risk: the CARDIA study.
Authors: Gordon-Larsen P, Boone-Heinonen J, Sidney S, Sternfeld B, Jacobs DR Jr, Lewis CE
Source: Arch Intern Med, 2009 Jul 13;169(13), p. 1216-23.
PMID: 19597071
Related Citations

Back to top


Walking for prevention of cardiovascular disease in men and women: a systematic review of observational studies.
Authors: Boone-Heinonen J, Evenson KR, Taber DR, Gordon-Larsen P
Source: Obes Rev, 2009 Mar;10(2), p. 204-17.
EPub date: 2008 Dec 10.
PMID: 19207874
Related Citations

Back to top


High-fructose corn syrup: is this what's for dinner?
Authors: Duffey KJ, Popkin BM
Source: Am J Clin Nutr, 2008 Dec;88(6), p. 1722S-1732S.
PMID: 19064537
Related Citations

Back to top


Fifteen-year longitudinal trends in walking patterns and their impact on weight change.
Authors: Gordon-Larsen P, Hou N, Sidney S, Sternfeld B, Lewis CE, Jacobs DR Jr, Popkin BM
Source: Am J Clin Nutr, 2009 Jan;89(1), p. 19-26.
EPub date: 2008 Dec 3.
PMID: 19056560
Related Citations