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Grant Details

Grant Number: 5R01CA109153-05 Interpret this number
Primary Investigator: Malone, Ruth
Organization: University Of California, San Francisco
Project Title: Tobacco Industry Influence on the U.S. Military
Fiscal Year: 2008
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Abstract

DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Tobacco use in the U.S. military diminishes troop health and readiness, and increases costs. Although smoking among military personnel has decreased in the past few decades, it still remains unacceptably high. In the U.S., tobacco accounts for more than 400,000 deaths each year, and smoking is a proven cause of several types of cancers and other diseases. The tobacco industry's interest in the armed forces dates to World War I, when cigarettes were distributed to soldiers by the War Department, and continues to the present day, despite military public health efforts to reduce tobacco use. Military recruits, often young and away from home for the first time, represent an important market for the tobacco industry. Military-specific tobacco promotion, reduced prices for tobacco at military commissaries, and tobacco industry efforts to delay or thwart effective tobacco control policies within the military contribute to tobacco use initiation and sustenance among service personnel. There is also evidence that the industry has utilized its military connections to further the use of tobacco around the world. Understanding and countering tobacco industry influence is essential for reducing tobacco use among military personnel. This project will address the tobacco industry's influence on the U. S. military by: 1) Retrieving and analyzing internal tobacco industry documents in order to describe the tobacco industry's activities pertaining to the four active branches of the military (Army, Navy, Marines, Air Force); 2) Examining current tobacco policies and practices in the Department of Defense (DoD) and service branches through a content analysis of policies and interviews with policy leaders; and 3) Developing a set of case studies of tobacco control policy development and implementation within the military. Drawing on the results of Aims #1-3, we will develop and disseminate recommendations for tobacco control policies and initiatives, which address gaps in current military tobacco control policies.

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Publications

Banning cigarette smoking on US Navy submarines: a case study.
Authors: Lando HA, Michaud ME, Poston WS, Jahnke SA, Williams L, Haddock CK
Source: Tob Control, 2014 Aug 27;null, p. null.
EPub date: 2014 Aug 27.
PMID: 25163466
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Mediatory myths in the U.S. military: tobacco use as "stress relief".
Authors: Smith EA, Malone RE
Source: Am J Health Promot, 2014 Nov-Dec;29(2), p. 115-22.
EPub date: 2013 Dec 20.
PMID: 24359178
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Cigarette prices in military retail: a review and proposal for advancing military health policy.
Authors: Haddock CK, Jahnke SA, Poston WS, Williams LN
Source: Mil Med, 2013 May;178(5), p. 563-9.
PMID: 23756017
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"They're going to die anyway": smoking shelters at veterans' facilities.
Authors: Offen N, Smith EA, Malone RE
Source: Am J Public Health, 2013 Apr;103(4), p. 604-12.
EPub date: 2013 Feb 14.
PMID: 23409899
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Why strong tobacco control measures "can't" be implemented in the U.S. Military: a qualitative analysis.
Authors: Smith EA, Malone RE
Source: Mil Med, 2012 Oct;177(10), p. 1202-7.
PMID: 23113448
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Menthol cigarette pricing at military and community retail outlets in the United States.
Authors: Poston WS, Jahnke SA, Haddock CK, Hyder ML, Taylor JE, Lando HA, Kaipust CM
Source: BMC Public Health, 2012 Sep 1;12, p. 731.
EPub date: 2012 Sep 1.
PMID: 22938755
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Military tobacco policies: the good, the bad, and the ugly.
Authors: Jahnke SA, Hoffman KM, Haddock CK, Long MA, Williams LN, Lando HA, Poston WS
Source: Mil Med, 2011 Dec;176(12), p. 1382-7.
PMID: 22338352
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A national survey of cigarette prices at military retail outlets.
Authors: Jahnke SA, Haddock CK, Poston WS, Hyder ML, Lando H
Source: JAMA, 2011 Dec 14;306(22), p. 2456-7.
PMID: 22166604
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A content analysis of tobacco control policy in the U.S. Department of Defense.
Authors: Hoffman KM, Poston WS, Jitnarin N, Jahnke SA, Hughey J, Lando HA, Williams LN, Haddock K
Source: J Public Health Policy, 2011 Aug;32(3), p. 334-49.
EPub date: 2011 Mar 3.
PMID: 21368849
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Forcing the Navy to sell cigarettes on ships: how the tobacco industry and politicians torpedoed Navy tobacco control.
Authors: Offen N, Arvey SR, Smith EA, Malone RE
Source: Am J Public Health, 2011 Mar;101(3), p. 404-11.
EPub date: 2011 Jan 13.
PMID: 21233435
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Military line leadership and tobacco control: perspectives of military policy leaders and tobacco control managers.
Authors: Poston WS, Suminski RR, Hoffman KM, Jitnarin N, Hughey J, Lando HA, Winsby A, Haddock K
Source: Mil Med, 2010 Oct;175(10), p. 811-6.
PMID: 20968274
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"Willful misconduct": how the US government prevented tobacco-disabled veterans from obtaining disability pensions.
Authors: Offen N, Smith EA, Malone RE
Source: Am J Public Health, 2010 Jul;100(7), p. 1166-73.
EPub date: 2010 May 13.
PMID: 20466954
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A qualitative analysis of the tobacco control climate in the U.S. military.
Authors: Jahnke SA, Haddock CK, Poston WS, Hoffman KM, Hughey J, Lando HA
Source: Nicotine Tob Res, 2010 Feb;12(2), p. 88-95.
EPub date: 2010 Jan 22.
PMID: 20097841
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Tobacco promotion to military personnel: "the plums are here to be plucked".
Authors: Smith EA, Malone RE
Source: Mil Med, 2009 Aug;174(8), p. 797-806.
PMID: 19743733
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"Everywhere the soldier will be": wartime tobacco promotion in the US military.
Authors: Smith EA, Malone RE
Source: Am J Public Health, 2009 Sep;99(9), p. 1595-602.
EPub date: 2009 Jul 16.
PMID: 19608945
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Advance and retreat: tobacco control policy in the U.S. military.
Authors: Arvey SR, Malone RE
Source: Mil Med, 2008 Oct;173(10), p. 985-91.
PMID: 19160617
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False promises: the tobacco industry, "low tar" cigarettes, and older smokers.
Authors: Cataldo JK, Malone RE
Source: J Am Geriatr Soc, 2008 Sep;56(9), p. 1716-23.
EPub date: 2008 Aug 4.
PMID: 18691279
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An analysis of messages about tobacco in the Military Times magazines.
Authors: Haddock CK, Hoffman K, Taylor JE, Schwab L, Poston WS, Lando HA
Source: Nicotine Tob Res, 2008 Jul;10(7), p. 1191-7.
PMID: 18629729
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Death at a discount: how the tobacco industry thwarted tobacco control policies in US military commissaries.
Authors: Smith EA, Blackman VS, Malone RE
Source: Tob Control, 2007 Feb;16(1), p. 38-46.
PMID: 17297072
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Marketing to the marginalised: tobacco industry targeting of the homeless and mentally ill.
Authors: Apollonio DE, Malone RE
Source: Tob Control, 2005 Dec;14(6), p. 409-15.
PMID: 16319365
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