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Grant Details

Grant Number: 5R01CA108696-04 Interpret this number
Primary Investigator: Schoenberg, Nancy
Organization: University Of Kentucky
Project Title: An Appalachian Cervical Cancer Prevention Project
Fiscal Year: 2007
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Abstract

DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Despite its nearly preventable status, 13,000 new cases of invasive cervical cancer are diagnosed each year, with 4,600 deaths. While nationally, women have experienced a 75% reduction in cervical cancer mortality in the past 5 decades, rural Appalachian women continue to sustain low rates of Pap testing and disproportionately high cervical cancer rates. To reduce this cervical cancer burden experienced by middle aged and older Appalachian women, we propose to undertake a community participatory, tailored, faith based intervention entitled "Faith Moves Mountains." While extensive literature has established the association between rural culture and religiosity, aside from programs involving African-American churches, surprisingly few scientifically based interventions have located disease prevention activities within the trusted, sustainable, rural religious institutions of rural Appalachia. To address this missed opportunity, this project will develop a random, stratified sample of 50 congregations with 600 participants to: (1) Examine the factors (both barriers and assets) that influence the use of Pap tests; (2) Administer a faith-based lay health advisor intervention that is community-participatory, theoretically informed, and culturally consistent; (3) Evaluate the efficacy of the intervention in a group-randomized experimental design. These 3 aims correspond to 3 phases, a developmental, ethnographically oriented phase; a community-participatory intervention phase; and a qualitative and quantitative evaluation phase. With a multidisciplinary team of social scientists, community leaders, physicians, and cancer control experts, the results from the proposed project will enable researchers and communities to better address the barriers that prevent rural women from receiving Pap tests and recommended follow-up care; draw on local community assets to promote the use of Pap tests; and establish a community-based model that can be extrapolated to other rural, underserved communities for cancer prevention.

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Publications

Barriers to cervical cancer screening among middle-aged and older rural Appalachian women.
Authors: Studts CR, Tarasenko YN, Schoenberg NE
Source: J Community Health, 2013 Jun;38(3), p. 500-12.
PMID: 23179390
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A community-based randomized trial of a faith-placed intervention to reduce cervical cancer burden in Appalachia.
Authors: Studts CR, Tarasenko YN, Schoenberg NE, Shelton BJ, Hatcher-Keller J, Dignan MB
Source: Prev Med, 2012 Jun;54(6), p. 408-14.
EPub date: 2012 Apr 3.
PMID: 22498022
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Community strategies to address cancer disparities in Appalachian Kentucky.
Authors: Schoenberg NE, Howell BM, Fields N
Source: Fam Community Health, 2012 Jan-Mar;35(1), p. 31-43.
PMID: 22143486
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Deconstructing fatalism: ethnographic perspectives on women's decision making about cancer prevention and treatment.
Authors: Drew EM, Schoenberg NE
Source: Med Anthropol Q, 2011 Jun;25(2), p. 164-82.
PMID: 21834356
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Factors associated with participation in cancer prevention and control studies among rural Appalachian women.
Authors: Leach CR, Schoenberg NE, Hatcher J
Source: Fam Community Health, 2011 Apr-Jun;34(2), p. 119-25.
PMID: 21378508
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Predictors of cervical cancer screening for rarely or never screened rural Appalachian women.
Authors: Hatcher J, Studts CR, Dignan MB, Turner LM, Schoenberg NE
Source: J Health Care Poor Underserved, 2011 Feb;22(1), p. 176-93.
PMID: 21317514
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Perspectives on Pap test follow-up care among rural Appalachian women.
Authors: Schoenberg N, Baltisberger J, Bardach S, Dignan M
Source: Women Health, 2010 Sep;50(6), p. 580-97.
PMID: 20981638
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Faith Moves Mountains: an Appalachian cervical cancer prevention program.
Authors: Schoenberg NE, Hatcher J, Dignan MB, Shelton B, Wright S, Dollarhide KF
Source: Am J Health Behav, 2009 Nov-Dec;33(6), p. 627-38.
PMID: 19320612
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Appalachian women's perceptions of their community's health threats.
Authors: Schoenberg NE, Hatcher J, Dignan MB
Source: J Rural Health, 2008 Winter;24(1), p. 75-83.
PMID: 18257874
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