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Grant Details

Grant Number: 5R01CA104876-05 Interpret this number
Primary Investigator: Buller, David
Organization: Klein Buendel, Inc.
Project Title: Disseminating Go Sun Smart to a Recreation Industry
Fiscal Year: 2007
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Abstract

DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): The occupational environment is a new venue for skin cancer prevention. Go Sun Smart (GSS) is a workplace sun safety program developed for the North American ski industry with funding from the National Cancer Institute. It successfully reduced sunburning among employees in a randomized trial at 26 ski areas. There is a unique opportunity to conduct a Phase IV trial on the dissemination and impact of GSS on a sample of worksites representing the entire ski industry through collaboration with the National Ski Areas Association (NSAA). The project specific aims are to (a) disseminate GSS to North American ski areas and monitor decisions by managers to adopt it; (b) create programs to assist managers to implement GSS based on diffusion of innovations theory (DIT); (c) compare basic and enhanced dissemination strategies that vary in intensity of support in an effort to determine their differential effects on adoption and implementation of GSS; and (d) determine the association of GSS implementation with employees' and guests' sun safety. Disseminating such a program through complex organizations involves individual differences and decision-making among managers, structural differences between employers, and features of health promotion programs, important DIT mediators and moderators. The target population is NSAA-member ski areas in North America and their managers, employees and guests. A group-randomized pretest-posttest controlled design will be conducted. Go Sun Smart will be disseminated to 60 ski areas randomly selected from NSAA's membership through its communication channels (regional and national meetings; annual management training). They will be randomly assigned to receive either a basic dissemination strategy (presentations at NSAA regional and national meetings; printed program instructions) representing "usual care" for this industry or an enhanced strategy (the basic program plus personal contacts through in-person visits and electronic communication to promote implementation and reduce barriers). Pretest and posttest on-site observations of the implementation of sun safety communication (including GSS at posttest) will be the primary outcome. Managers' decisions to adopt GSS and employees' and guests' sun protection will be assessed in telephone and on-site surveys at pretest and posttest This Phase IV trial will test program adoption (decisions by managers), program implementation (by managers), and program impact (on sun protection by employees and guests) in a sample of an entire outdoor recreation industry.

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Publications

Dissemination of go sun smart in outdoor recreation: effect of program exposure on sun protection of guests at high-altitude ski areas.
Authors: Walkosz BJ, Buller DB, Andersen PA, Scott MD, Dignan MB, Cutter GR, Liu X, Maloy JA
Source: J Health Commun, 2014 Sep;19(9), p. 999-1016.
EPub date: 2014 Mar 11.
PMID: 24617350
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Expanding occupational sun safety to an outdoor recreation industry: a translational study of the Go Sun Smart program.
Authors: Andersen PA, Buller DB, Walkosz BJ, Scott MD, Kane IL, Cutter GR, Dignan MB, Liu X
Source: Transl Behav Med, 2012 Mar;2(1), p. 10-18.
PMID: 23105954
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Enhancing industry-based dissemination of an occupational sun protection program with theory-based strategies employing personal contact.
Authors: Buller DB, Andersen PA, Walkosz BJ, Scott MD, Cutter GR, Dignan MB, Kane IL, Zhang X
Source: Am J Health Promot, 2012 Jul-Aug;26(6), p. 356-65.
PMID: 22747318
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Sustainability of the dissemination of an occupational sun protection program in a randomized trial.
Authors: Buller DB, Walkosz BJ, Andersen PA, Scott MD, Dignan MB, Cutter GR, Zhang X, Kane IL
Source: Health Educ Behav, 2012 Aug;39(4), p. 498-502.
EPub date: 2011 Nov 18.
PMID: 22102323
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Compliance with sunscreen advice in a survey of adults engaged in outdoor winter recreation at high-elevation ski areas.
Authors: Buller DB, Andersen PA, Walkosz BJ, Scott MD, Maloy JA, Dignan MB, Cutter GR
Source: J Am Acad Dermatol, 2012 Jan;66(1), p. 63-70.
PMID: 21742410
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Environmental cues to UV radiation and personal sun protection in outdoor winter recreation.
Authors: Andersen PA, Buller DB, Walkosz BJ, Scott MD, Maloy JA, Cutter GR, Dignan MD
Source: Arch Dermatol, 2010 Nov;146(11), p. 1241-7.
PMID: 21079060
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Go Sun Smart.
Authors: Scott MD, Buller DB, Walkosz BJ, Andersen PA, Cutter GR, Dignan MB
Source: Commun Educ, 2008 Oct 1;57(4), p. 423.
PMID: 20148119
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