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Grant Details

Grant Number: 7R01CA095678-05 Interpret this number
Primary Investigator: Schnoll, Robert
Organization: University Of Pennsylvania
Project Title: Smoking Cessation for Head and Neck Cancer Patients
Fiscal Year: 2005
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Abstract

DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Continued smoking by head and neck cancer patients is associated with poor survival, a greater risk of disease recurrence and a second primary tumor, reduced treatment efficacy, and adverse treatment-related complications. Nevertheless, 25-35 percent of patients who smoked prior to the diagnosis continue to do so following treatment. To date, rigorous studies of smoking cessation interventions for cancer patients have yet to be conducted. Since the presence of significant depressive symptoms - which can impede successful quitting - are common among cancer patients, it may be particularly important to address negative affect within a cessation program for this population using an antidepressant (i.e., bupropion). However, in light of barriers to bupropion use, including cost and adverse side effects, discerning subgroups of smokers in need of intensive (i.e., use of pharmacologic treatments, in addition to counseling and nicotine replacement therapy [NRT]) vs. moderate (i.e., involving counseling and NRT alone) treatments has become a priority in the field of nicotine addiction research. The presence vs. the absence of significant depressive symptoms may be a useful way for matching smokers to optimal treatments (i.e., depressed smokers may require bupropion in addition to counseling and NRT, whereas non-depressed smokers may be able to achieve cessation with NRT and counseling alone). Further, the mechanism through which bupropion affects smoking behavior has yet to be clearly delineated, although it may be through bupropion's influence on affect. Thus, this placebo-controlled randomized trial with 366 head and neck cancer patients will: 1) Compare intensive smoking cessation treatment (i.e., bupropion, NRT, counseling) to moderate smoking cessation treatment (i.e., placebo, NRT, counseling) for increasing quit rates among head and neck cancer patients (Aim 1);2) Determine whether the presence of significant depressive symptoms moderate the effect of bupropion on quit rates (Aim 2); and 3) Explore whether the effect of bupropion on smoking cessation is mediated by changes in positive or negative affect (Aim 3). The primary outcome for this study will be continuous abstinence, assessed using the time-line follow-back method, from the quit day until the 2-, 6-, and 12-month follow-up assessments. Overall, data from this study may guide the use of bupropion for treating nicotine addiction among head and neck cancer patients. In particular, our results may provide a guide for matching intensive vs. moderate cessation interventions according to the psychological needs of the cancer patient. Further, understanding the role of changes in affect as the mechanism that underlies the effects of bupropion may help to refine mood management clinical approaches for cancer patients. In turn, our findings may help guide the implementation of smoking cessation treatments for all cancer patients within Comprehensive Cancer Centers in the US.

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Publications

Predictors of smoking cessation among cancer patients enrolled in a smoking cessation program.
Authors: Schnoll RA, Martinez E, Langer C, Miyamoto C, Leone F
Source: Acta Oncol, 2011 Jun;50(5), p. 678-84.
EPub date: 2011 May 2.
PMID: 21534846
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A bupropion smoking cessation clinical trial for cancer patients.
Authors: Schnoll RA, Martinez E, Tatum KL, Weber DM, Kuzla N, Glass M, Ridge JA, Langer C, Miyamoto C, Wileyto EP, Leone F
Source: Cancer Causes Control, 2010 Jun;21(6), p. 811-20.
EPub date: 2010 Jan 20.
PMID: 20087643
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Sex heterogeneity in pharmacogenetic smoking cessation clinical trials.
Authors: Schnoll RA, Patterson F
Source: Drug Alcohol Depend, 2009 Oct 1;104 Suppl 1, p. S94-9.
EPub date: 2009 Jan 8.
PMID: 19135319
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Issues related to implementing a smoking cessation clinical trial for cancer patients.
Authors: Martinez E, Tatum KL, Weber DM, Kuzla N, Pendley A, Campbell K, Ridge JA, Langer C, Miyamoto C, Schnoll RA
Source: Cancer Causes Control, 2009 Feb;20(1), p. 97-104.
EPub date: 2008 Aug 29.
PMID: 18758971
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Treating tobacco dependence in women.
Authors: Schnoll RA, Patterson F, Lerman C
Source: J Womens Health (Larchmt), 2007 Oct;16(8), p. 1211-8.
PMID: 17937574
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Can the blind see? Participant guess about treatment arm assignment may influence outcome in a clinical trial of bupropion for smoking cessation.
Authors: Schnoll RA, Epstein L, Audrain J, Niaura R, Hawk L, Shields PG, Lerman C, Wileyto EP
Source: J Subst Abuse Treat, 2008 Mar;34(2), p. 234-41.
EPub date: 2007 Jun 27.
PMID: 17600649
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Current and emerging pharmacotherapies for treating tobacco dependence.
Authors: Schnoll RA, Lerman C
Source: Expert Opin Emerg Drugs, 2006 Sep;11(3), p. 429-44.
PMID: 16939383
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Prevalence and correlates of tobacco use among Russian cancer patients: implications for the development of smoking cessation interventions at a cancer center in Russia.
Authors: Schnoll RA, Engstrom PF, Subramanian S, Demidov L, Wielt DB, Tighiouart M
Source: Int J Behav Med, 2006;13(1), p. 16-25.
PMID: 16503837
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Smoking cessation counseling by Russian oncologists: opportunities for intervention in the Russian Federation.
Authors: Schnoll RA, Engstrom PF, Subramanian S, Demidov L, Wielt DB
Source: Int J Behav Med, 2006;13(1), p. 8-15.
PMID: 16503836
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A randomized pilot study of cognitive-behavioral therapy versus basic health education for smoking cessation among cancer patients.
Authors: Schnoll RA, Rothman RL, Wielt DB, Lerman C, Pedri H, Wang H, Babb J, Miller SM, Movsas B, Sherman E, Ridge JA, Unger M, Langer C, Goldberg M, Scott W, Cheng J
Source: Ann Behav Med, 2005 Aug;30(1), p. 1-11.
PMID: 16097900
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Tobacco control in the physician's office: a matter of adequate training and resources.
Authors: Schnoll RA, Engstrom PF
Source: J Natl Cancer Inst, 2004 Apr 21;96(8), p. 573-5.
PMID: 15100328
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Comparing cancer patients who enroll in a smoking cessation program at a comprehensive cancer center with those who decline enrollment.
Authors: Schnoll RA, Rothman RL, Lerman C, Miller SM, Newman H, Movsas B, Sherman E, Ridge JA, Unger M, Langer C, Goldberg M, Scott W, Cheng J
Source: Head Neck, 2004 Mar;26(3), p. 278-86.
PMID: 14999804
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Longitudinal predictors of continued tobacco use among patients diagnosed with cancer.
Authors: Schnoll RA, James C, Malstrom M, Rothman RL, Wang H, Babb J, Miller SM, Ridge JA, Movsas B, Langer C, Unger M, Goldberg M
Source: Ann Behav Med, 2003 Summer;25(3), p. 214-22.
PMID: 12763716
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