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Grant Details

Grant Number: 5R01CA102684-03 Interpret this number
Primary Investigator: Devine, Carol
Organization: Cornell University
Project Title: Work-Family Integration and Diets of Multi-Ethnic Adults
Fiscal Year: 2006
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Abstract

In this methods and conceptual development study we will examine the relationship between dietary intake and social processes from employment roles, family roles, and work-family integration (defined as reciprocal adjustment to role demands and benefits at the work-family interface). We will characterize, conceptualize, operationalize, and pilot test these relationships in a population of low- and moderate-income, multi-ethnic, employed parents. Long hours of employment, little schedule flexibility or backup, spillover of employment demands into home life, a decline in family meals prepared or eaten at home, and poor nutritional quality of meals typically obtained outside the home, make integration of work and family roles an emerging problem with great importance for cancer prevention and control, especially among low-income families. An initial conceptual model that emphasizes the way that dietary intake is shaped by the dynamic interaction of individual characteristics with social processes and conditions from work and family roles and work-family integration will guide this research. We will answer the question: How do low- and moderate-income employed parents experience and integrate the impact of social processes and conditions from work and family roles on their dietary behaviors? A multidisciplinary team of nutritional and social scientists will use a sequential mixed methods design to conduct this research in four linked phases: 1) qualitative research to characterize the issues of interest, 2) conceptual model development, 3) operationalization of constructs through measure development and evaluation, and 4) a pilot test of the protocols and measures in a three-day diary study. Our study will produce new understandings of work-family integration and food choices, a grounded conceptual model, tested measures, and a proven study protocol for investigating the contribution of social processes of work and family integration to the dietary intakes of low- and moderate-income working parents. The results will be useful in both interventions and future research.

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Publications

Behavioral contexts, food-choice coping strategies, and dietary quality of a multiethnic sample of employed parents.
Authors: Blake CE, Wethington E, Farrell TJ, Bisogni CA, Devine CM
Source: J Am Diet Assoc, 2011 Mar;111(3), p. 401-7.
PMID: 21338739
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Contributions of the life course perspective to research on food decision making.
Authors: Wethington E, Johnson-Askew WL
Source: Ann Behav Med, 2009 Dec;38 Suppl 1, p. S74-80.
PMID: 19890684
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Work conditions and the food choice coping strategies of employed parents.
Authors: Devine CM, Farrell TJ, Blake CE, Jastran M, Wethington E, Bisogni CA
Source: J Nutr Educ Behav, 2009 Sep-Oct;41(5), p. 365-70.
PMID: 19717121
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Employed parents' satisfaction with food-choice coping strategies. Influence of gender and structure.
Authors: Blake CE, Devine CM, Wethington E, Jastran M, Farrell TJ, Bisogni CA
Source: Appetite, 2009 Jun;52(3), p. 711-9.
EPub date: 2009 Mar 31.
PMID: 19501770
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Trying to find the quickest way: employed mothers' constructions of time for food.
Authors: Jabs J, Devine CM, Bisogni CA, Farrell TJ, Jastran M, Wethington E
Source: J Nutr Educ Behav, 2007 Jan-Feb;39(1), p. 18-25.
PMID: 17276323
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"A lot of sacrifices:" work-family spillover and the food choice coping strategies of low-wage employed parents.
Authors: Devine CM, Jastran M, Jabs J, Wethington E, Farell TJ, Bisogni CA
Source: Soc Sci Med, 2006 Nov;63(10), p. 2591-603.
EPub date: 2006 Aug 4.
PMID: 16889881
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