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Grant Details

Grant Number: 5R21CA109201-02 Interpret this number
Primary Investigator: Gomez, Scarlett
Organization: Cancer Prevention Instit Of California
Project Title: Culture and Ethnic Variations in Breast Cancer Treatment
Fiscal Year: 2006
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Abstract

Asian ethnic subgroups, particularly Chinese and Vietnamese, have higher rates of mastectomy for early stage breast cancer, raising concerns about possible over-treatment. To address the factors affecting treatment decision-making processes and consequent quality of life in these groups, the roles of socio-cultural, demographic, and clinical factors must first be determined for each ethnic group. For this 2-year developmental/pilot study, we propose to apply qualitative research methods to inform the development of linguistically and culturally appropriate questionnaires related to treatment decision-making and quality of life, and to pilot test the instruments in a population-based sample of non-Hispanic White, Chinese, and Vietnamese women recently diagnosed with breast cancer. Study results will form the basis for planning a larger, population-based epidemiologic study. Study aims are to: 1) identify the socio-cultural, co-decision making, provider communication, and other factors in treatment decision-making processes and quality of life in each ethnic group through the following procedures: a) focus group interviews with patients, b) qualitative interviews with patients, and c) qualitative interviews with patients' co-decision makers; 2) determine provider practices and perceptions regarding treatment recommendations and decision-making processes via provider surveys; and 3) develop and test ethnic-specific epidemiologic questionnaires through cognitive interviews and an epidemiologic pilot study in a population-based patient sample. An overall enrollment of 43 White, 56 Chinese, and 43 Vietnamese patients; 20 family or friends identified as the co-decision maker; and 60 providers are expected. As little is known about factors contributing to disparities in standards of care for early-stage breast cancer among ethnic groups, and about the contributions of socio-cultural factors on treatment decisions, and impacts on quality of life, this developmental/pilot study should contribute the information necessary to plan a larger study to understand these issues for specific ethnic groups.

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Publications

Why do Asian-American women have lower rates of breast conserving surgery: results of a survey regarding physician perceptions.
Authors: Pham JT, Allen LJ, Gomez SL
Source: BMC Public Health, 2009 Jul 17;9, p. 246.
EPub date: 2009 Jul 17.
PMID: 19615070
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