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Grant Details

Grant Number: 5R01CA087110-04 Interpret this number
Primary Investigator: Chapman, Simon
Organization: University Of Sydney
Project Title: Analysis of Tobacco Industry Documents--asia/Australia
Fiscal Year: 2004
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Abstract

DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant) This project will locate, catalogue, review and disseminate the strategic national, regional and international significance of the hitherto "secret" tobacco industry documents containing explicit material about tobacco control issues in six nations: Australia; New Zealand; China/Hong Kong; Thailand; Indonesia; and Malaysia. Each of these nations have been selected because of their past and continuing historic importance to different globally significant issues or initiatives in tobacco control. Globally, the global public health impact of tobacco use is becoming greater in less developed nations than in advanced industrialized nations like the USA. The transnational nature of the tobacco industry means that the policies and activities of these companies in other nations will become increasingly relevant to developments in the USA. As the World Health Organization's Tobacco Free Initiative evolves with its ambitions to develop an international framework convention covering many aspects of tobacco regulation and marketing, the international dimensions of the tobacco industry's policies and practices will assume even greater importance. Australia and New Zealand, for example, have far more advanced tobacco control policies than the USA in the areas of advertising restrictions, pack warnings, and tobacco tax levels. Acquiring inside knowledge of tobacco industry strategies in political and regulatory environments further "down the track" than those now operating in the USA will allow valuable insights into (for example) the advertising control "endgames" in which the industry engages when all orthodox forms of advertising are banned by law. Two nations in the study, China and Indonesia, are, respectively, the first and fourth most populated nations on earth. Both countries have very high male smoking rates and constitute markets of the highest priority to the tobacco industry. Documents already located indicate elaborate and continuing efforts, in China in particular, to obfuscate the health issues arising from active and passive smoking and to extend the network of tobacco industry scientists into Asian public health institutions.

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Publications

The lightest market in the world: light and mild cigarettes in Japan.
Authors: Assunta M, Chapman S
Source: Nicotine Tob Res, 2008 May;10(5), p. 803-10.
PMID: 18569753
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Mainstream smoke emissions of Australian and Canadian cigarettes.
Authors: King B, Borland R, Fowles J
Source: Nicotine Tob Res, 2007 Aug;9(8), p. 835-44.
PMID: 17654296
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Nicotine analogues: a review of tobacco industry research interests.
Authors: Vagg R, Chapman S
Source: Addiction, 2005 May;100(5), p. 701-12.
PMID: 15847628
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Environmental tobacco smoke research published in the journal Indoor and Built Environment and associations with the tobacco industry.
Authors: Garne D, Watson M, Chapman S, Byrne F
Source: Lancet, 2005 Feb 26-Mar 4;365(9461), p. 804-9.
PMID: 15733724
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Tobacco industry efforts to erode tobacco advertising controls in Hungary.
Authors: Szilágyi T, Chapman S
Source: Cent Eur J Public Health, 2004 Dec;12(4), p. 190-6.
PMID: 15666456
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The Philippine tobacco industry: "the strongest tobacco lobby in Asia".
Authors: Alechnowicz K, Chapman S
Source: Tob Control, 2004 Dec;13 Suppl 2, p. ii71-8.
PMID: 15564224
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"The world's most hostile environment": how the tobacco industry circumvented Singapore's advertising ban.
Authors: Assunta M, Chapman S
Source: Tob Control, 2004 Dec;13 Suppl 2, p. ii51-7.
PMID: 15564221
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A mire of highly subjective and ineffective voluntary guidelines: tobacco industry efforts to thwart tobacco control in Malaysia.
Authors: Assunta M, Chapman S
Source: Tob Control, 2004 Dec;13 Suppl 2, p. ii43-50.
PMID: 15564220
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"Care and feeding": the Asian environmental tobacco smoke consultants programme.
Authors: Assunta M, Fields N, Knight J, Chapman S
Source: Tob Control, 2004 Dec;13 Suppl 2, p. ii4-12.
PMID: 15564219
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Industry sponsored youth smoking prevention programme in Malaysia: a case study in duplicity.
Authors: Assunta M, Chapman S
Source: Tob Control, 2004 Dec;13 Suppl 2, p. ii37-42.
PMID: 15564218
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"Asia is now the priority target for the world anti-tobacco movement": attempts by the tobacco industry to undermine the Asian anti-smoking movement.
Authors: Knight J, Chapman S
Source: Tob Control, 2004 Dec;13 Suppl 2, p. ii30-6.
PMID: 15564217
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"Asian yuppies...are always looking for something new and different": creating a tobacco culture among young Asians.
Authors: Knight J, Chapman S
Source: Tob Control, 2004 Dec;13 Suppl 2, p. ii22-9.
PMID: 15564216
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"A phony way to show sincerity, as we all well know": tobacco industry lobbying against tobacco control in Hong Kong.
Authors: Knight J, Chapman S
Source: Tob Control, 2004 Dec;13 Suppl 2, p. ii13-21.
PMID: 15564215
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The "low-tar" strategy and the changing construction of Australian cigarettes.
Authors: King B, Borland R
Source: Nicotine Tob Res, 2004 Feb;6(1), p. 85-94.
PMID: 14982692
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"Conclusions about exposure to ETS and health that will be unhelpful to us": how the tobacco industry attempted to delay and discredit the 1997 Australian National Health and Medical Research Council report on passive smoking.
Authors: Trotter L, Chapman S
Source: Tob Control, 2003 Dec;12 Suppl 3, p. iii102-6.
PMID: 14645955
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New frontier, new power: the retail environment in Australia's dark market.
Authors: Carter SM
Source: Tob Control, 2003 Dec;12 Suppl 3, p. iii95-101.
PMID: 14645954
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Going below the line: creating transportable brands for Australia's dark market.
Authors: Carter SM
Source: Tob Control, 2003 Dec;12 Suppl 3, p. iii87-94.
PMID: 14645953
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The Australian cigarette brand as product, person, and symbol.
Authors: Carter SM
Source: Tob Control, 2003 Dec;12 Suppl 3, p. iii79-86.
PMID: 14645952
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From legitimate consumers to public relations pawns: the tobacco industry and young Australians.
Authors: Carter SM
Source: Tob Control, 2003 Dec;12 Suppl 3, p. iii71-8.
PMID: 14645951
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The Australian tar derby: the origins and fate of a low tar harm reduction programme.
Authors: King W, Carter SM, Borland R, Chapman S, Gray N
Source: Tob Control, 2003 Dec;12 Suppl 3, p. iii61-70.
PMID: 14645950
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Cooperation and control: the Tobacco Institute of Australia.
Authors: Carter SM
Source: Tob Control, 2003 Dec;12 Suppl 3, p. iii54-60.
PMID: 14645949
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"Keep a low profile": pesticide residue, additives, and freon use in Australian tobacco manufacturing.
Authors: Chapman S
Source: Tob Control, 2003 Dec;12 Suppl 3, p. iii45-53.
PMID: 14645948
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"A deep fragrance of academia": the Australian Tobacco Research Foundation.
Authors: Chapman S, Carter SM, Peters M
Source: Tob Control, 2003 Dec;12 Suppl 3, p. iii38-44.
PMID: 14645947
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"We are anxious to remain anonymous": the use of third party scientific and medical consultants by the Australian tobacco industry, 1969 to 1979.
Authors: Chapman S
Source: Tob Control, 2003 Dec;12 Suppl 3, p. iii31-7.
PMID: 14645946
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Smoking, disease, and obdurate denial: the Australian tobacco industry in the 1980s.
Authors: Carter SM, Chapman S
Source: Tob Control, 2003 Dec;12 Suppl 3, p. iii23-30.
PMID: 14645945
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"Avoid health warnings on all tobacco products for just as long as we can": a history of Australian tobacco industry efforts to avoid, delay and dilute health warnings on cigarettes.
Authors: Chapman S, Carter SM
Source: Tob Control, 2003 Dec;12 Suppl 3, p. iii13-22.
PMID: 14645944
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"It is possible he is a kind of nut": how the tobacco industry quietly promoted Dr William Whitby.
Authors: Chapman S
Source: Tob Control, 2003 Dec;12 Suppl 3, p. iii4-6.
PMID: 14645942
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"Australia is one of the darkest markets in the world": the global importance of Australian tobacco control.
Authors: Chapman S, Byrne F, Carter SM
Source: Tob Control, 2003 Dec;12 Suppl 3, p. iii1-3.
PMID: 14645941
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Chasing Ernst L Wynder: 40 years of Philip Morris' efforts to influence a leading scientist.
Authors: Fields N, Chapman S
Source: J Epidemiol Community Health, 2003 Aug;57(8), p. 571-8.
PMID: 12883059
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