|Grant Number:||5P01CA075308-04 Interpret this number|
|Primary Investigator:||Sorensen, Glorian|
|Organization:||Harvard University (Sch Of Public Hlth)|
|Project Title:||Cancer Control in Multiethnic Working Class Populations|
The Harvard Cancer Prevention Program Project is designed to the lead the field in the development and evaluation of cancer prevention interventions for ethnically/racially diverse and working class populations who have a high prevalence for risk-related behaviors. The these of the Harvard Cancer Prevention Program Project is to create a new generation of cancer prevention interventions that will be effective with multiethnic, working class populations. These interventions will incorporate elements of the social context in which people live in the design and delivery of the interventions; the behavioral outcomes of this study will be linked to declines in cancer rates and related economic benefits. The proposed intervention model will incorporate elements of the social context in the design and delivery of an intervention addressing multiple risk-related behaviors. The social context is defined as: (1) individuals' key social environments; (2) the influence of social networks on behavioral change; (3) cultural and language factors that may influence health behaviors and receptivity to change; and, (4) barriers imposed by restricted access to the social and material resources. The intervention model will be adapted and tested in two organization settings: small businesses and health centers. The three studies focus on common primary outcomes (fruit and vegetable consumption, saturated fat consumption, and physical activity). The intervention projects use the organization as the unit of randomization and intervention. Integration across projects and an economy of scale will be provided by three cores: 1) Leadership and Administration; 2) Health Education and Communication; and 3) Design, Epidemiology, and Evaluation. This program project, submitted by the Harvard Center for Cancer Prevention, is based on a unique and potent collaboration between cancer epidemiologists, behavior and social scientists, and health policy researchers. This collaboration provides a process for translation of solidly-based epidemiological findings, testing of innovative community-based intervention methods, and application of intervention research findings into public policy recommendations. These policy recommendations will also inform the future directions of this program project by defining priority risk factors and establishing targeted levels for meaningful risk factor change. This program project provides a unique structure and content for collaborations across disciplines within public, designed to maximize the impact of the intervention and to provide a model for future cancer.
Influence of individual and social contextual factors on changes in leisure-time physical activity in working-class populations: results of the Healthy Directions-Small Businesses Study.
Authors: McNeill LH, Stoddard A, Bennett GG, Wolin KY, Sorensen GG
Source: Cancer Causes Control, 2012 Sep;23(9), p. 1475-87.
EPub date: 2012 Jul 18.
Multiple health behavior changes in a cancer prevention intervention for construction workers, 2001-2003.
Authors: Harley AE, Devine CM, Beard B, Stoddard AM, Hunt MK, Sorensen G
Source: Prev Chronic Dis, 2010 May;7(3), p. A55.
EPub date: 2010 Apr 15.
Forecasting the obesity epidemic in the aging U.S. population.
Authors: Wang YC, Colditz GA, Kuntz KM
Source: Obesity (Silver Spring), 2007 Nov;15(11), p. 2855-65.
Nativity and cigarette smoking among lower income blacks: results from the Healthy Directions Study.
Authors: Bennett GG, Wolin KY, Okechukwu CA, Arthur CM, Askew S, Sorensen G, Emmons KM
Source: J Immigr Minor Health, 2008 Aug;10(4), p. 305-11.
Immigration and obesity among lower income blacks.
Authors: Bennett GG, Wolin KY, Askew S, Fletcher R, Emmons KM
Source: Obesity (Silver Spring), 2007 Jun;15(6), p. 1391-4.
The influence of social context on changes in fruit and vegetable consumption: results of the healthy directions studies.
Authors: Sorensen G, Stoddard AM, Dubowitz T, Barbeau EM, Bigby J, Emmons KM, Berkman LF, Peterson KE
Source: Am J Public Health, 2007 Jul;97(7), p. 1216-27.
EPub date: 2007 May 30.
Impact of intervention dose on cancer-related health behaviors among working-class, multiethnic, community health center patients.
Authors: Kaphingst KA, Lobb R, Fay ME, Hunt MK, Suarez EG, Fletcher RH, Emmons KM
Source: Am J Health Promot, 2007 Mar-Apr;21(4), p. 262-6.
Does race/ethnicity moderate the association between job strain and leisure time physical activity?
Authors: Bennett GG, Wolin KY, Avrunin JS, Stoddard AM, Sorensen G, Barbeau E, Emmons KM
Source: Ann Behav Med, 2006 Aug;32(1), p. 60-7.
Biomarker validation of dietary intervention in two multiethnic populations.
Authors: Eliassen AH, Colditz GA, Peterson KE, Furtado JD, Fay ME, Sorensen G, Emmons KM
Source: Prev Chronic Dis, 2006 Apr;3(2), p. A44.
EPub date: 2006 Mar 15.
Attitudes Regarding Overweight, Exercise, and Health among Blacks (United States).
Authors: Bennett GG, Wolin KY, Goodman M, Samplin-Salgado M, Carter P, Dutton S, Hill R, Emmons K
Source: Cancer Causes Control, 2006 Feb;17(1), p. 95-101.
Methods and baseline characteristics of two group-randomized trials with multiracial and multiethnic working-class samples.
Authors: Stoddard AM, Krieger N, Barbeau EM, Bennett GG, Fay ME, Sorensen G, Emmons K
Source: Prev Chronic Dis, 2005 Oct;2(4), p. A10.
EPub date: 2005 Sep 15.
Cancer prevention among working class, multiethnic adults: results of the healthy directions-health centers study.
Authors: Emmons KM, Stoddard AM, Fletcher R, Gutheil C, Suarez EG, Lobb R, Weeks J, Bigby JA
Source: Am J Public Health, 2005 Jul;95(7), p. 1200-5.
EPub date: 2005 Jun 2.
Recruiting small manufacturing worksites that employ multiethnic, low-wage workforces into a cancer prevention research trial.
Authors: Barbeau EM, Wallace L, Lederman R, Lightman N, Stoddard A, Sorensen G
Source: Prev Chronic Dis, 2004 Jul;1(3), p. A04.
EPub date: 2004 Jun 15.
Reducing occupation-based disparities related to tobacco: roles for occupational health and organized labor.
Authors: Barbeau EM, McLellan D, Levenstein C, DeLaurier GF, Kelder G, Sorensen G
Source: Am J Ind Med, 2004 Aug;46(2), p. 170-9.
Assessment of occupational safety and health programs in small businesses.
Authors: Barbeau E, Roelofs C, Youngstrom R, Sorensen G, Stoddard A, LaMontagne AD
Source: Am J Ind Med, 2004 Apr;45(4), p. 371-9.
Reducing social disparities in tobacco use: a social-contextual model for reducing tobacco use among blue-collar workers.
Authors: Sorensen G, Barbeau E, Hunt MK, Emmons K
Source: Am J Public Health, 2004 Feb;94(2), p. 230-9.
The life history interview method: applications to intervention development.
Authors: Goldman R, Hunt MK, Allen JD, Hauser S, Emmons K, Maeda M, Sorensen G
Source: Health Educ Behav, 2003 Oct;30(5), p. 564-81.
Worksite tobacco control programs: the role of occupational health.
Authors: Sorensen G
Source: Respir Physiol, 2001 Oct;128(1), p. 89-102.